Archimedes, Archimedis De iis qvae vehvntvr in aqva libri dvo

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DE IIS QVAE VEH. IN AQVA.
loq; lineæ ſumptæ circulus deſcribatur. cadet ergo ipſius
circunferentia partim
Figure: /permanent/library/4E7V2WGH/figures/0015-01 not scanned
[Figure 5]
extra lineam a b c d, par
tim intra;
quoniam ea,
quæ ex centro quibuſ-
dam quidem à puncto
k ad ipſam ductis eſtma
ior;
& quibuſdam mi-
nor.
Itaq; ſit circuli de-
ſcripti circunferentia
fb h:
& ex b ad k ducta
linea, iungãtur fk k h e,
quæ angulos æquales faciant.
deſcribatur autem & ex cen
tro k circunferentia quædam x o p in plano, &
in humido.
ergo partes humidi, quæ ſunt ad circunferentiam x o p æ-
qualiter iacent, ac continuatæ inter ſe ſe:
& premũtur qui
dem partes, quæ ad x o circunferentiam, humido, quod lo
co a b continetur:
quæ uero ad circunferentiam o p pre-
muntur humido, quod continetur b e.
inæqualiter igitur
premuntur partes humidi ad cir cunferentiã x o, &
ad o p.
quare minus preſſæ à magis presſis expellentur.
non er-
go conſiſtet humidum.
Atqui ponebatur conſiſtens, & ma
nens.
neceſſarium eſt igitur lineam a b c d eſſe circuli cir
cunferentiam, cuius centrum k.
Similiter autem demon-
ſtrabitur, &
ſi quomodocunque aliter ſuperficies humidi
plano ſecta fuerit per centrum terræ ſectionem circuli cir
cunferentiam eſſe:
& centrum ipſius eſſe, quod & terræ cen
trum.
Ex quibus conſtat ſuperficiem humidi conſiſtentis,
Prima hu
ius.
atque manentis ſphæricam eſſe:
& eius ſphæræ centrum
idem, quod centrum terræ:
quoniam eiuſmodi eſt, ut ſecta
per idem ſemper punctum ſectionem faciat circuli circun
ferentiam, centrum habentis punctum illud, per quod ipſa
plano ſecatur.

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