Galilei, Galileo, Discourse concerning the natation of bodies, 1663

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              greate heate, or exalting of the voyce, either are not underſtood,
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              or elſe being tranſported by oſtentation of not yeilding to one ano­
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              ther, farr from the firſt Propoſition, with the novelty, of the
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              various Propoſals, confound both themſelves and their Auditors.</s>
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              <s>Moreover, it ſeemed to me convenient to informe your High­
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              neſſe of all the ſequell, concerning the Controverſie of which I
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              treat, as it hath been advertiſed often already by others: and becauſe
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              the Doctrine which I follow, in the diſcuſſion of the point in hand,
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              is different from that of
                <emph type="italics"/>
              Ariſtotle
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              ; and interferes with his Principles,
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              I have conſidered that againſt the Authority of that moſt famous
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              Man, which amongſt many makes all ſuſpected that comes not from
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              the Schooles of the Peripateticks, its farr better to give ones Reaſons
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              by the Pen than by word of mouth and therfore I reſolved to write the
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              preſent diſcourſe: in which yet I hope to demonſtrate that it was not
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              out of capritiouſneſſe, or for that I had not read or underſtood
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                <emph type="italics"/>
              Ariſtotle,
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              that I ſometimes ſwerve from his opinion, but becauſe
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              ſeverall Reaſons perſwade me to it, and the ſame
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              Ariſtotle
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              hath </s>
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            <p type="main">
              <s>
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              tought me to fix my judgment on that which is grounded upon
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              Reaſon, and not on the bare Authority of the Maſter; and it is
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              moſt certaine according to the ſentence of
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              Alcinoos,
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              that philoſopha­
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                <arrow.to.target n="marg1397"/>
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              ting ſhould be free. </s>
              <s>Nor is the reſolution of our Queſtion in my
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              judgment without ſome benefit to the Univerſall, foraſmuch as
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              treating whether the figure of Solids operates, or not, in their going,
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              or not going to the bottome in Water, in occurrences of building
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              Bridges or other Fabricks on the Water, which happen commonly
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              in affairs of grand import, it may be of great availe to know the
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              truth.</s>
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            <p type="margin">
              <s>
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                <emph type="italics"/>
              Ariſtotle
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              prefers
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              Reaſon to the
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              Authority ofan
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              Author.</s>
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              The benefit of
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              this Argument.</s>
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              <s>I ſay therfore, that being the laſt Summer in company with certain
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              Learned men, it was ſaid in the argumentation; That Condenſation
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              was the propriety of Cold, and there was alledged for inſtance, the
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              example of Ice: now I at that time ſaid, that, in my judgment,
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              the Ice ſhould be rather Water rarified than condenſed, and my
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              reaſon was, becauſe Condenſation begets diminution of Maſs, and
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              augmentation of gravity, and Rarifaction cauſeth greater Lightneſs,
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              and augmentarion of Maſſe: and Water in freezing, encreaſeth in
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              Maſſe, and the Ice made thereby is lighter than the Water on which
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              it ſwimmeth.</s>
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            <p type="margin">
              <s>
                <margin.target id="marg1398"/>
              Condenſation
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              the Propriety of
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              Cold, according
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              to the Peripate­
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              ticks.</s>
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            <p type="margin">
              <s>
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              Ice rather water
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              rarified, than
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              condenſed, and
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              why:</s>
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            <p type="main">
              <s>
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              What I ſay, is manifeſt, becauſe, the medium ſubtracting from the
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              whole Gravity of Sollids the weight of ſuch another Maſſe of the ſaid
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              Medium; was
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              Archimedes
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              proves in his ^{*} Firſt Booke
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              De Inſidentibus
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              Humido;
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              when ever the Maſſe of the ſaid Solid encreaſeth by Diſtraction,
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              the more ſhall the
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              Medium
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              detract from its entire Gravity; and leſſe,
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              when by Compreſſion it ſhall be condenſed and reduced to a leſſe Maſſe.
                <emph.end type="italics"/>
              </s>
            </p>
            <p type="margin"/>
          </chap>
        </body>
      </text>
    </archimedes>