Wilkins, John, A discovery of a new world : or a discourse tending to prove, that 'tis probable there may be another Habitable World in the Moon ; with a discourse concerning the Probability of a Passage thither; unto which is added, a discourse concerning a New Planet, tending to prove, that 'tis probable our earth is one of the Planets

Table of contents

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[1. None]
[2. Ex Libris James S. Dearden Rampside]
[3. A DISCOVERY OF A New , OR,]
[4. In Two Parts.]
[5. The Fifth Edition Corrected and Amended. LONDON,]
[6. The Epiſtle to the READER.]
[7. The Propoſitions that are proved in this Diſcourſe. PROPOSITION I.]
[8. PROP. II.]
[9. PROP. III.]
[10. PROP. IV.]
[11. PROP. V.]
[12. PROP. VI.]
[13. PROP. VII.]
[14. PROP. VIII.]
[15. PROP. IX.]
[16. PROP. X.]
[17. PROP. XI.]
[18. PROP. XII.]
[19. PROP. XIII.]
[20. PROP. XIV.]
[21. The Firſt Book. That the MOON May be a WORLD. The Firſt Propoſition, by way of Preface.]
[22. Sed vanus ſtolidis hæc omnia finxerit Error.]
[23. Solis lunæq; labores.]
[24. Cum fruſtra reſonant æra auxiliaria Lunæ.]
[25. Una laboranti poterit ſuccerrere Lunæ.]
[26. Gantus & è cælo poſſunt deducere Lunam.]
[27. Cantus & ſi curru lunam deducere tentant, Et facerent, ſi non æra repulſa ſonant.]
[28. PROP. II. That a Plurality of Worlds doth not contradict any Principle of Reaſon or Faith.]
[29. Æſtuas infelix auguſto limite mundi.]
[30. PROP. III. That the Heavens do not conſiſt of any ſuch pure Matter, which can priviledge them from the like Change and Corruption, as theſe Inferiour, Bodies are liable unto.]
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That the Moon may be a World.
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          <p>
            <s xml:space="preserve">The
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            Stoicks held that Planet to be mix-
              <anchor type="note" xlink:label="note-0076-01a" xlink:href="note-0076-01"/>
            ed by Fire and Air, and in their Opinion, the
              <lb/>
            Variety of its Compoſition cauſed her ſpots;
              <lb/>
            </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">being not aſhamed to ſtile the ſame Body a
              <lb/>
            Goddeſs, calling it Diana, Minerva, &</s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">c. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">and
              <lb/>
            yet affirm it to be an impure Mixture of
              <lb/>
            Flame and Smoke, and Fuliginous Air.</s>
            <s xml:space="preserve"/>
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            <note symbol="a" position="left" xlink:label="note-0076-01" xlink:href="note-0076-01a" xml:space="preserve">Plut. Fe
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            placit. phil.
              <lb/>
            l 2. c. 25.</note>
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          <p>
            <s xml:space="preserve">But this Planet cannot conſiſt of Fire (ſaith
              <lb/>
            Plutarch) becauſe there is not any Fewel to
              <lb/>
            maintain it. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">And the Poets therefore have
              <lb/>
            fained Vulcan to be lame, becauſe he can no
              <lb/>
            more ſubſiſt without Wood or other Fewel,
              <lb/>
            than a Lame Man without a Staff.</s>
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          </p>
          <p>
            <s xml:space="preserve">Anaxagor as thought all the Stars to be of an
              <lb/>
            Earthly Nature, Mixed with ſome Fire; </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">and
              <lb/>
            as for the Sun, he affirmed it to be nothing
              <lb/>
            elſe but a ſieryStone; </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">for which later Opinion
              <lb/>
              <anchor type="note" xlink:label="note-0076-02a" xlink:href="note-0076-02"/>
            the Athenians ſentenc'd him to Death, thoſe
              <lb/>
            Zealous Idolaters counting it a great Blaſphe-
              <lb/>
            my to make their God a Stone, whereas not-
              <lb/>
            withſtanding, they were ſo ſenſeleſs in their
              <lb/>
            adoration of Idols, as to make a Stone their
              <lb/>
            God. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">This Anaxagor as affirm'd the Moon to
              <lb/>
            be more Terreſtrial than the other Planets,
              <lb/>
            but of a greater Purity than any thing here
              <lb/>
            below, and the Spots, he thought, were no-
              <lb/>
            thing elſe, but ſome cloudy parts, intermin-
              <lb/>
            gled with the Light which belonged to that
              <lb/>
            Planet; </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">but I have above deſtroyed the Sup-
              <lb/>
            poſition on which this Fancy is grounded. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">Pli-
              <lb/>
            ny thinks they ariſe from ſome droſſie ſtuff,
              <lb/>
              <anchor type="note" xlink:label="note-0076-03a" xlink:href="note-0076-03"/>
            mixed with that moiſture which the Moon
              <lb/>
            attracts unto her ſelſ; </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">but he was of their Opi-
              <lb/>
            nion, who thought the Stars were nouriſhed
              <lb/>
            by ſome Earthly Vapours, which you may</s>
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