Wilkins, John, A discovery of a new world : or a discourse tending to prove, that 'tis probable there may be another Habitable World in the Moon ; with a discourse concerning the Probability of a Passage thither; unto which is added, a discourse concerning a New Planet, tending to prove, that 'tis probable our earth is one of the Planets

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[11. PROP. V.]
[12. PROP. VI.]
[13. PROP. VII.]
[14. PROP. VIII.]
[15. PROP. IX.]
[16. PROP. X.]
[17. PROP. XI.]
[18. PROP. XII.]
[19. PROP. XIII.]
[20. PROP. XIV.]
[21. The Firſt Book. That the MOON May be a WORLD. The Firſt Propoſition, by way of Preface.]
[22. Sed vanus ſtolidis hæc omnia finxerit Error.]
[23. Solis lunæq; labores.]
[24. Cum fruſtra reſonant æra auxiliaria Lunæ.]
[25. Una laboranti poterit ſuccerrere Lunæ.]
[26. Gantus & è cælo poſſunt deducere Lunam.]
[27. Cantus & ſi curru lunam deducere tentant, Et facerent, ſi non æra repulſa ſonant.]
[28. PROP. II. That a Plurality of Worlds doth not contradict any Principle of Reaſon or Faith.]
[29. Æſtuas infelix auguſto limite mundi.]
[30. PROP. III. That the Heavens do not conſiſt of any ſuch pure Matter, which can priviledge them from the like Change and Corruption, as theſe Inferiour, Bodies are liable unto.]
[31. Necnon Oceano paſci phæbumque polumq; Gredimus.]
[32. PROP. IV. That the Moon is a Solid, Compacted, Opacous Body.]
[33. PROP. V. That the Moon hath not any Light of her own.]
[34. PROP. VI. That there is a World in the Moon, bath been the direct Opinion of many Ancient, with ſome Modern Mathematicians, and may probably de deduc’d from the Tenents of others.]
[35. PROP. VII. That thoſe Spots and brighter parts, which by our ſight may be diſtinguiſhed in the Moon, do ſhew the difference betwixt the Sea and Land, in that other World.]
[36. PROP. VIII. The Spots repeſent the Sea, and the brighter parts the Land.]
[37. PROP. IX. That there are high Mountains, deep Vallies, and ſpacious Plains in the Body of the Moon.]
[38. PROP. X. That there is an Atmo-ſphæra, or an Orb of groſs, Vaporous Air, immediately encompaſſing the body of the Moon.]
[39. PROP. XI. That as their World is our Moon, ſo our World is their Moon.]
[40. Provehimur portu, terræque urbeſque recedunt.]
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That the Moon may be a World.
2. Groſs abſurdities have been entertain’d
by general Opinion.
I ſhall give an Inſtance of each, that ſo I
may the better prepare the Reader to conſider
things without a Prejudice, when he ſhall ſee
that the common Oppoſition againſt this which
I affirm, cannot any way derogate from its
1. Other Truths have been formerly accoun-
ted as ridiculous as this.
I ſhall ſpecifie that
of the Antipodes, which have been denyed,
and laught at by many wiſe Men and great
Scholars, ſuch as were Herodotus, Chryſoſtom,
Vid. Foſeph.
Acaſto de
nat. novi
Grbis lib. 1.
cap. 1.
Auſtin, Lactantius, the Venerable Bede, Lucre-
tius the Poet, Procopius, and the Voluminous
Abulenſis, together with all thoſe Fathers or
other Authors who denyed the roundneſs of
the Heavens.
Herodotus counted it ſo horri-
ble abſurdity, that he could not forbear laugh-
ing to think of it.
Γελῶ δρῶο γῆς {πρι}ύδ(ου}ς γ{ρἀ} ψαν-
τας, {πο}λλ{οὺ}ς ἤδη {καὶ} {οὐ} δένα νόον ἔ{χο}ντας {ὀξ}ηγ{οα} {μέν}ον ὂι
’Ωκεαοόντε ρεόντα γ{ρά} Φ{ου}σι, πέ{ρι}ξ τ{ὴν} τε γ{ὴν} ἐ{οῦ}οαν
κυκλοτ ερέα ὤς \’δπὸ τόρν{ου}.
‘I cannot chooſe but laugh
‘(ſaith he) to ſee ſo many Men venture to de-
‘ſcribe the Earths Compaſs, relating thoſe
‘things that are without Senſe, as that the Sea
‘flows about the World, and that the Earth it
‘ſelf is as round as an Orb.
But this great Ig-
norance is not ſo much to be admired in him,
as in thoſe Learneder Men of later times, when
all Sciences began to flouriſh in the World.
Such were St. Chryſoſtome, who in his 14 Ho-
mily upon the Hebrews, doth make a challenge
to any Man that ſhall dare to defend, that the
Heavens are Round, and not rather as a Tent.

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