Wilkins, John, A discovery of a new world : or a discourse tending to prove, that 'tis probable there may be another Habitable World in the Moon ; with a discourse concerning the Probability of a Passage thither; unto which is added, a discourse concerning a New Planet, tending to prove, that 'tis probable our earth is one of the Planets

Table of contents

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[11. PROP. V.]
[12. PROP. VI.]
[13. PROP. VII.]
[14. PROP. VIII.]
[15. PROP. IX.]
[16. PROP. X.]
[17. PROP. XI.]
[18. PROP. XII.]
[19. PROP. XIII.]
[20. PROP. XIV.]
[21. The Firſt Book. That the MOON May be a WORLD. The Firſt Propoſition, by way of Preface.]
[22. Sed vanus ſtolidis hæc omnia finxerit Error.]
[23. Solis lunæq; labores.]
[24. Cum fruſtra reſonant æra auxiliaria Lunæ.]
[25. Una laboranti poterit ſuccerrere Lunæ.]
[26. Gantus & è cælo poſſunt deducere Lunam.]
[27. Cantus & ſi curru lunam deducere tentant, Et facerent, ſi non æra repulſa ſonant.]
[28. PROP. II. That a Plurality of Worlds doth not contradict any Principle of Reaſon or Faith.]
[29. Æſtuas infelix auguſto limite mundi.]
[30. PROP. III. That the Heavens do not conſiſt of any ſuch pure Matter, which can priviledge them from the like Change and Corruption, as theſe Inferiour, Bodies are liable unto.]
[31. Necnon Oceano paſci phæbumque polumq; Gredimus.]
[32. PROP. IV. That the Moon is a Solid, Compacted, Opacous Body.]
[33. PROP. V. That the Moon hath not any Light of her own.]
[34. PROP. VI. That there is a World in the Moon, bath been the direct Opinion of many Ancient, with ſome Modern Mathematicians, and may probably de deduc’d from the Tenents of others.]
[35. PROP. VII. That thoſe Spots and brighter parts, which by our ſight may be diſtinguiſhed in the Moon, do ſhew the difference betwixt the Sea and Land, in that other World.]
[36. PROP. VIII. The Spots repeſent the Sea, and the brighter parts the Land.]
[37. PROP. IX. That there are high Mountains, deep Vallies, and ſpacious Plains in the Body of the Moon.]
[38. PROP. X. That there is an Atmo-ſphæra, or an Orb of groſs, Vaporous Air, immediately encompaſſing the body of the Moon.]
[39. PROP. XI. That as their World is our Moon, ſo our World is their Moon.]
[40. Provehimur portu, terræque urbeſque recedunt.]
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That the Moon may be a World.
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            <s xml:space="preserve">2. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">Groſs abſurdities have been entertain’d
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            by general Opinion.</s>
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          <p>
            <s xml:space="preserve">I ſhall give an Inſtance of each, that ſo I
              <lb/>
            may the better prepare the Reader to conſider
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            things without a Prejudice, when he ſhall ſee
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            that the common Oppoſition againſt this which
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            I affirm, cannot any way derogate from its
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            Truth.</s>
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          <p>
            <s xml:space="preserve">1. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">Other Truths have been formerly accoun-
              <lb/>
            ted as ridiculous as this. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">I ſhall ſpecifie that
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            of the Antipodes, which have been denyed,
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            and laught at by many wiſe Men and great
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            Scholars, ſuch as were Herodotus, Chryſoſtom,
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              <anchor type="note" xlink:label="note-0016-01a" xlink:href="note-0016-01"/>
            Auſtin, Lactantius, the Venerable Bede, Lucre-
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            tius the Poet, Procopius, and the Voluminous
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            Abulenſis, together with all thoſe Fathers or
              <lb/>
            other Authors who denyed the roundneſs of
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            the Heavens. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">Herodotus counted it ſo horri-
              <lb/>
            ble abſurdity, that he could not forbear laugh-
              <lb/>
            ing to think of it. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">Γελῶ δρῶο γῆς {πρι}ύδ(ου}ς γ{ρἀ} ψαν-
              <lb/>
            τας, {πο}λλ{οὺ}ς ἤδη {καὶ} {οὐ} δένα νόον ἔ{χο}ντας {ὀξ}ηγ{οα} {μέν}ον ὂι
              <lb/>
            ’Ωκεαοόντε ρεόντα γ{ρά} Φ{ου}σι, πέ{ρι}ξ τ{ὴν} τε γ{ὴν} ἐ{οῦ}οαν
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            κυκλοτ ερέα ὤς \’δπὸ τόρν{ου}. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">‘I cannot chooſe but laugh
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            ‘(ſaith he) to ſee ſo many Men venture to de-
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            ‘ſcribe the Earths Compaſs, relating thoſe
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            ‘things that are without Senſe, as that the Sea
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            ‘flows about the World, and that the Earth it
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            ‘ſelf is as round as an Orb. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">But this great Ig-
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            norance is not ſo much to be admired in him,
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            as in thoſe Learneder Men of later times, when
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            all Sciences began to flouriſh in the World.
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            </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">Such were St. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">Chryſoſtome, who in his 14 Ho-
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            mily upon the Hebrews, doth make a challenge
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            to any Man that ſhall dare to defend, that the
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            Heavens are Round, and not rather as a Tent.</s>
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