Wilkins, John, A discovery of a new world : or a discourse tending to prove, that 'tis probable there may be another Habitable World in the Moon ; with a discourse concerning the Probability of a Passage thither; unto which is added, a discourse concerning a New Planet, tending to prove, that 'tis probable our earth is one of the Planets

Table of contents

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[11. PROP. V.]
[12. PROP. VI.]
[13. PROP. VII.]
[14. PROP. VIII.]
[15. PROP. IX.]
[16. PROP. X.]
[17. PROP. XI.]
[18. PROP. XII.]
[19. PROP. XIII.]
[20. PROP. XIV.]
[21. The Firſt Book. That the MOON May be a WORLD. The Firſt Propoſition, by way of Preface.]
[22. Sed vanus ſtolidis hæc omnia finxerit Error.]
[23. Solis lunæq; labores.]
[24. Cum fruſtra reſonant æra auxiliaria Lunæ.]
[25. Una laboranti poterit ſuccerrere Lunæ.]
[26. Gantus & è cælo poſſunt deducere Lunam.]
[27. Cantus & ſi curru lunam deducere tentant, Et facerent, ſi non æra repulſa ſonant.]
[28. PROP. II. That a Plurality of Worlds doth not contradict any Principle of Reaſon or Faith.]
[29. Æſtuas infelix auguſto limite mundi.]
[30. PROP. III. That the Heavens do not conſiſt of any ſuch pure Matter, which can priviledge them from the like Change and Corruption, as theſe Inferiour, Bodies are liable unto.]
[31. Necnon Oceano paſci phæbumque polumq; Gredimus.]
[32. PROP. IV. That the Moon is a Solid, Compacted, Opacous Body.]
[33. PROP. V. That the Moon hath not any Light of her own.]
[34. PROP. VI. That there is a World in the Moon, bath been the direct Opinion of many Ancient, with ſome Modern Mathematicians, and may probably de deduc’d from the Tenents of others.]
[35. PROP. VII. That thoſe Spots and brighter parts, which by our ſight may be diſtinguiſhed in the Moon, do ſhew the difference betwixt the Sea and Land, in that other World.]
[36. PROP. VIII. The Spots repeſent the Sea, and the brighter parts the Land.]
[37. PROP. IX. That there are high Mountains, deep Vallies, and ſpacious Plains in the Body of the Moon.]
[38. PROP. X. That there is an Atmo-ſphæra, or an Orb of groſs, Vaporous Air, immediately encompaſſing the body of the Moon.]
[39. PROP. XI. That as their World is our Moon, ſo our World is their Moon.]
[40. Provehimur portu, terræque urbeſque recedunt.]
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That the Moon may be a World.
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              <pb o="36" file="0048" n="48" rhead="That the Moon may be a World."/>
            Heavens be of one Thickneſs, and the Element
              <lb/>
            of Fire another, and the upper Region of Air
              <lb/>
            diſtinct from both theſe, and the Lower Re-
              <lb/>
            gion ſeveral from all the reſt, there would
              <lb/>
            then be ſuch a Multiplicity of Refractions, as
              <lb/>
            muſt neceſſarily deſtroy the Certainty of all
              <lb/>
            Aſtronomical Obſervations. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">All which In-
              <lb/>
            conveniences might be avoided, by ſuppoſing
              <lb/>
            (as we do) that there is only one Orb of Va-
              <lb/>
            porous Air which encompaſſes our Earth, all
              <lb/>
            the reſt being Æthereal, and of the ſame per-
              <lb/>
            ſpicuity.</s>
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          <p>
            <s xml:space="preserve">2. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">The Scituation of this Element does no
              <lb/>
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            way agree with Ariſtotle's own Principles ;
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            </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">or that common Providence of Nature, which
              <lb/>
            we may diſcern in ordinary Matters. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">For if
              <lb/>
            the Heavens be without all Elementary Qua-
              <lb/>
            lities, as is uſually ſuppoſed, then it would be
              <lb/>
            a very incongruous thing for the Element of
              <lb/>
            Fire to be placed immediately next unto it: </s>
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              <lb/>
            Since the Heat of this is the moſt Powerful
              <lb/>
            and Vigorous Quality that is amongſt all the
              <lb/>
            reſt ; </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">And Nature in her other Works, does
              <lb/>
            not join Extreams, but by ſomething of a mid-
              <lb/>
            dle Diſpoſition. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">So in every Frame of our
              <lb/>
            Bodies, the Bones which are of a hard Sub-
              <lb/>
            ſtance, and the Fleſh of a ſoft, are not joined
              <lb/>
            together but by the Interceſſion of Membranes
              <lb/>
            and Griſſels, ſuch as being of a middle Na-
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            ture may fitly come betwixt.</s>
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            <note position="left" xlink:label="note-0048-01" xlink:href="note-0048-01a" xml:space="preserve">2.</note>
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            <s xml:space="preserve">3. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">’Tis not conceivable for what Uſe or Be-
              <lb/>
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            nefit there ſhould be any ſuch Elements in that
              <lb/>
            Place, and certain it is, that Nature does not
              <lb/>
            do any thing in Vain.</s>
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            <note position="left" xlink:label="note-0048-02" xlink:href="note-0048-02a" xml:space="preserve">3.</note>
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            <s xml:space="preserve">4. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">Betwixt two Extreams there can be but
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