Wilkins, John, A discovery of a new world : or a discourse tending to prove, that 'tis probable there may be another Habitable World in the Moon ; with a discourse concerning the Probability of a Passage thither; unto which is added, a discourse concerning a New Planet, tending to prove, that 'tis probable our earth is one of the Planets

Table of contents

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[11. PROP. V.]
[12. PROP. VI.]
[13. PROP. VII.]
[14. PROP. VIII.]
[15. PROP. IX.]
[16. PROP. X.]
[17. PROP. XI.]
[18. PROP. XII.]
[19. PROP. XIII.]
[20. PROP. XIV.]
[21. The Firſt Book. That the MOON May be a WORLD. The Firſt Propoſition, by way of Preface.]
[22. Sed vanus ſtolidis hæc omnia finxerit Error.]
[23. Solis lunæq; labores.]
[24. Cum fruſtra reſonant æra auxiliaria Lunæ.]
[25. Una laboranti poterit ſuccerrere Lunæ.]
[26. Gantus & è cælo poſſunt deducere Lunam.]
[27. Cantus & ſi curru lunam deducere tentant, Et facerent, ſi non æra repulſa ſonant.]
[28. PROP. II. That a Plurality of Worlds doth not contradict any Principle of Reaſon or Faith.]
[29. Æſtuas infelix auguſto limite mundi.]
[30. PROP. III. That the Heavens do not conſiſt of any ſuch pure Matter, which can priviledge them from the like Change and Corruption, as theſe Inferiour, Bodies are liable unto.]
[31. Necnon Oceano paſci phæbumque polumq; Gredimus.]
[32. PROP. IV. That the Moon is a Solid, Compacted, Opacous Body.]
[33. PROP. V. That the Moon hath not any Light of her own.]
[34. PROP. VI. That there is a World in the Moon, bath been the direct Opinion of many Ancient, with ſome Modern Mathematicians, and may probably de deduc’d from the Tenents of others.]
[35. PROP. VII. That thoſe Spots and brighter parts, which by our ſight may be diſtinguiſhed in the Moon, do ſhew the difference betwixt the Sea and Land, in that other World.]
[36. PROP. VIII. The Spots repeſent the Sea, and the brighter parts the Land.]
[37. PROP. IX. That there are high Mountains, deep Vallies, and ſpacious Plains in the Body of the Moon.]
[38. PROP. X. That there is an Atmo-ſphæra, or an Orb of groſs, Vaporous Air, immediately encompaſſing the body of the Moon.]
[39. PROP. XI. That as their World is our Moon, ſo our World is their Moon.]
[40. Provehimur portu, terræque urbeſque recedunt.]
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That the Moon may be a World.
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            <s xml:space="preserve">
              <pb o="47" file="0059" n="59" rhead="That the Moon may be a World."/>
            Colour. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">The Obſervation of this Variety in di-
              <lb/>
            vers Eclipſes, you may ſee ſet down by Keplar,
              <lb/>
              <anchor type="note" xlink:label="note-0059-01a" xlink:href="note-0059-01"/>
            and many others. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">But now this could not be,
              <lb/>
            if that Light were her own, that being con-
              <lb/>
            ſtantly the ſame, and without any Reaſon of
              <lb/>
            ſuch an Alteration: </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">So that thus I may argue.</s>
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          </p>
          <div type="float" level="2" n="5">
            <note position="right" xlink:label="note-0059-01" xlink:href="note-0059-01a" xml:space="preserve">Opt. A-
              <lb/>
            ſtron. c. 7.
              <lb/>
            num. 3.</note>
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          <p>
            <s xml:space="preserve">If there were any Light proper to the Moon,
              <lb/>
            then would that Planet appear Brighteſt when
              <lb/>
            ſhe is Eclipſed in her Perige being neareſt to
              <lb/>
            to the Earth, and ſo conſequently more Ob-
              <lb/>
            ſcure and Duskiſh when ſhe is in her Apoge,
              <lb/>
            or fartheſt from it; </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">the Reaſon is, becauſe the
              <lb/>
            nearer any Enlightned Body comes to the
              <lb/>
            Sight, by ſo much the more ſtrong are the
              <lb/>
            Species, and the better perceiv'd. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">This Se-
              <lb/>
            quel is granted by ſome of our Adverſaries,
              <lb/>
            and they are the very Words of Noble Tycho,
              <lb/>
              <anchor type="note" xlink:label="note-0059-02a" xlink:href="note-0059-02"/>
            Si Luna genuino gauderet lumine, utique cum in
              <lb/>
            umbra terre eſſet, illud non emitteret, ſed eò evi-
              <lb/>
            dentiùs exereret; </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">omne enim lumen in tenebris,
              <lb/>
            plus ſplendit cum alio majore fulgore non prœpe-
              <lb/>
            ditur. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">If the Moon had any Light of her own,
              <lb/>
            then ſhe would not loſe it in the Earths Sha-
              <lb/>
            dow, but rather ſhine more Clearly, ſince eve-
              <lb/>
            ry Light appears greater in the Dark, when
              <lb/>
            it is not hindred by a more perſpicuous Bright-
              <lb/>
            neſs.</s>
            <s xml:space="preserve"/>
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            <note position="right" xlink:label="note-0059-02" xlink:href="note-0059-02a" xml:space="preserve">De nova
              <lb/>
            ſtella. lib. 1.
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            c. 10.</note>
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          <p>
            <s xml:space="preserve">But now the Event falls out clean contrary,
              <lb/>
              <anchor type="note" xlink:label="note-0059-03a" xlink:href="note-0059-03"/>
            (as Obſervation doth manifeſt, and our Op-
              <lb/>
            poſites themſelves do grant) the Moon appea-
              <lb/>
            ring with a more reddiſh and clear Light when
              <lb/>
            ſhe is Eclipſed, being in her Apoge or fartheſt
              <lb/>
            diſtance, and a more blackiſh Iron Colour
              <lb/>
            when ſhe is in her Perige, or neareſt to us,
              <lb/>
            therefore ſhe hath not any Light of her own.</s>
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