Wilkins, John, A discovery of a new world : or a discourse tending to prove, that 'tis probable there may be another Habitable World in the Moon ; with a discourse concerning the Probability of a Passage thither; unto which is added, a discourse concerning a New Planet, tending to prove, that 'tis probable our earth is one of the Planets

Table of contents

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[11. PROP. V.]
[12. PROP. VI.]
[13. PROP. VII.]
[14. PROP. VIII.]
[15. PROP. IX.]
[16. PROP. X.]
[17. PROP. XI.]
[18. PROP. XII.]
[19. PROP. XIII.]
[20. PROP. XIV.]
[21. The Firſt Book. That the MOON May be a WORLD. The Firſt Propoſition, by way of Preface.]
[22. Sed vanus ſtolidis hæc omnia finxerit Error.]
[23. Solis lunæq; labores.]
[24. Cum fruſtra reſonant æra auxiliaria Lunæ.]
[25. Una laboranti poterit ſuccerrere Lunæ.]
[26. Gantus & è cælo poſſunt deducere Lunam.]
[27. Cantus & ſi curru lunam deducere tentant, Et facerent, ſi non æra repulſa ſonant.]
[28. PROP. II. That a Plurality of Worlds doth not contradict any Principle of Reaſon or Faith.]
[29. Æſtuas infelix auguſto limite mundi.]
[30. PROP. III. That the Heavens do not conſiſt of any ſuch pure Matter, which can priviledge them from the like Change and Corruption, as theſe Inferiour, Bodies are liable unto.]
[31. Necnon Oceano paſci phæbumque polumq; Gredimus.]
[32. PROP. IV. That the Moon is a Solid, Compacted, Opacous Body.]
[33. PROP. V. That the Moon hath not any Light of her own.]
[34. PROP. VI. That there is a World in the Moon, bath been the direct Opinion of many Ancient, with ſome Modern Mathematicians, and may probably de deduc’d from the Tenents of others.]
[35. PROP. VII. That thoſe Spots and brighter parts, which by our ſight may be diſtinguiſhed in the Moon, do ſhew the difference betwixt the Sea and Land, in that other World.]
[36. PROP. VIII. The Spots repeſent the Sea, and the brighter parts the Land.]
[37. PROP. IX. That there are high Mountains, deep Vallies, and ſpacious Plains in the Body of the Moon.]
[38. PROP. X. That there is an Atmo-ſphæra, or an Orb of groſs, Vaporous Air, immediately encompaſſing the body of the Moon.]
[39. PROP. XI. That as their World is our Moon, ſo our World is their Moon.]
[40. Provehimur portu, terræque urbeſque recedunt.]
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That the Moon may be a World.
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              <pb o="51" file="0063" n="63" rhead="That the Moon may be a World."/>
            Waters afar off, miſtook them for Blood. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">Et
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            cauſa hujus eſt quia radius ſolaris in Aurora con-
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              <anchor type="note" xlink:label="note-0063-01a" xlink:href="note-0063-01"/>
            traiht quondam rubedinem, propter vapores cam-
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            buſtos manentes circa ſuperficiem terrœ, per quos
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            raàii tranſeunt, & </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">ideo cum repercutiantur in
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            aqua ad oculos noſtros, trahunt ſecum eundem rubo-
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            borem, & </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">faciunt apparere locum aquarum, in quo
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            eſt repercuſſio, eſſe rubrum, ſaith Toſtatus. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">The
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            Reaſon is, becauſe of his Rays, which being
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            in the lower Vapours, thoſe do convey an im-
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            perfect mixed Light upon the Waters. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">Thus
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            the Moon being in the Earth's Shadow, and
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            the Sun Beams which are round about it, not
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            being able to come directly unto her Body, yet
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            ſome ſecond Rays there are, which paſſing
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            through the ſhadow, make her appear in that
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            ruddy colour: </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">So that ſhe muſt appear bright-
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            eſt when ſhe is Eclipſed, being in her Apoge,
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            or greateſt diſtance from us, becauſe then the
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            cone of the Earths ſhadow is leſs, and the
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            Refraction is made through a narrower
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            Medium. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">So on the contrary, ſhe muſt be
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            repreſented under a more Dark and Obſcure
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            form when ſhe is Eclipſed, being in her Peri-
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            ge or neareſt to the Earth, becauſe then ſhe is
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            Involv'd in a greater ſhadow, or bigger part
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            of the cone, and ſo the Refraction paſſing
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            through a greater Medium, the Light muſt
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            needs be Weaker which doth proceed from it.
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            </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">If you ask now, what the Reaſon may be of
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            that Light which we Diſcern in the Darker
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            part of the New Moon? </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">I anſwer, ’tis Re-
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            flected from our Earth, which returns as great
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            a Brightneſs to that Planet, as it receives from
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            it. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">This I ſhall have occaſion to Prove after-
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            ward.</s>
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            <note position="left" xlink:label="note-0062-07" xlink:href="note-0062-07a" xml:space="preserve">2 King. 3.
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            22.</note>
            <note position="right" xlink:label="note-0063-01" xlink:href="note-0063-01a" xml:space="preserve">2 Queſt. in
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            hoc cap.</note>
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