Wilkins, John, A discovery of a new world : or a discourse tending to prove, that 'tis probable there may be another Habitable World in the Moon ; with a discourse concerning the Probability of a Passage thither; unto which is added, a discourse concerning a New Planet, tending to prove, that 'tis probable our earth is one of the Planets

Table of contents

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[11. PROP. V.]
[12. PROP. VI.]
[13. PROP. VII.]
[14. PROP. VIII.]
[15. PROP. IX.]
[16. PROP. X.]
[17. PROP. XI.]
[18. PROP. XII.]
[19. PROP. XIII.]
[20. PROP. XIV.]
[21. The Firſt Book. That the MOON May be a WORLD. The Firſt Propoſition, by way of Preface.]
[22. Sed vanus ſtolidis hæc omnia finxerit Error.]
[23. Solis lunæq; labores.]
[24. Cum fruſtra reſonant æra auxiliaria Lunæ.]
[25. Una laboranti poterit ſuccerrere Lunæ.]
[26. Gantus & è cælo poſſunt deducere Lunam.]
[27. Cantus & ſi curru lunam deducere tentant, Et facerent, ſi non æra repulſa ſonant.]
[28. PROP. II. That a Plurality of Worlds doth not contradict any Principle of Reaſon or Faith.]
[29. Æſtuas infelix auguſto limite mundi.]
[30. PROP. III. That the Heavens do not conſiſt of any ſuch pure Matter, which can priviledge them from the like Change and Corruption, as theſe Inferiour, Bodies are liable unto.]
[31. Necnon Oceano paſci phæbumque polumq; Gredimus.]
[32. PROP. IV. That the Moon is a Solid, Compacted, Opacous Body.]
[33. PROP. V. That the Moon hath not any Light of her own.]
[34. PROP. VI. That there is a World in the Moon, bath been the direct Opinion of many Ancient, with ſome Modern Mathematicians, and may probably de deduc’d from the Tenents of others.]
[35. PROP. VII. That thoſe Spots and brighter parts, which by our ſight may be diſtinguiſhed in the Moon, do ſhew the difference betwixt the Sea and Land, in that other World.]
[36. PROP. VIII. The Spots repeſent the Sea, and the brighter parts the Land.]
[37. PROP. IX. That there are high Mountains, deep Vallies, and ſpacious Plains in the Body of the Moon.]
[38. PROP. X. That there is an Atmo-ſphæra, or an Orb of groſs, Vaporous Air, immediately encompaſſing the body of the Moon.]
[39. PROP. XI. That as their World is our Moon, ſo our World is their Moon.]
[40. Provehimur portu, terræque urbeſque recedunt.]
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That the Moon may be a World.
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              <pb o="65" file="0077" n="77" rhead="That the Moon may be a World."/>
            commonly ſee refuted in the Gommentators on
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            the Books de Gælo.</s>
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            <note position="left" xlink:label="note-0076-02" xlink:href="note-0076-02a" xml:space="preserve">Foſephus
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            l. 2. com.
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            App. Au-
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            guſte de ci-
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            vit. Dei.
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            l. 18. c. 41.</note>
            <note position="left" xlink:label="note-0076-03" xlink:href="note-0076-03a" xml:space="preserve">Nat. Hiſt.
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            l. 2. c. 9.</note>
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          <p>
            <s xml:space="preserve">Vitellio and Reinoldus, Affirm the Spots to
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              <anchor type="note" xlink:label="note-0077-01a" xlink:href="note-0077-01"/>
            be the Thicker parts of the Moon, into which
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            the Sun cannot Infuſe much Light; </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">and this
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            (ſay they) is the Reaſon why in theSuns Eclip-
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            ſes, the Spots and Brighter parts, are ſtill in ſome
              <lb/>
            meaſure Diſtinguiſhed, becauſe the Sun Beams
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            are not able ſo well to Penetrate through thoſe
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            Thicker, as they may through the Thinner
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            parts of that Planet. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">Of this Opinion alſo was
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            Gæſar la GaHa, whoſe Words are theſe, The
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            ‘ Moon doth there appear Cleareſt, where ſhe
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            ‘ is Tranſpicious, not only through the Superfi-
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              <anchor type="note" xlink:label="note-0077-02a" xlink:href="note-0077-02"/>
            ‘ cies, but the Subſtance alſo, and there ſhe
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            ‘ ſeems ſpotted, where her Body is moſt Opa-
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            cous. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">The ground of this his Aſſertion, was,
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            becauſe he thought the Moon did receive and
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            beſtow her Light by Illumination only, and not
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            at all by reſlexion; </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">but this, together with the
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            ſuppoſed Penetration of the Sun-Beams, and
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            the Perſpicuity of the Moons Body, I have
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            above Anſwered and Refuted.</s>
            <s xml:space="preserve"/>
          </p>
          <div type="float" level="2" n="5">
            <note position="right" xlink:label="note-0077-01" xlink:href="note-0077-01a" xml:space="preserve">Opt. lib. 9.
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            comment.
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            in Pnrb.
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            pag. 164.</note>
            <note position="right" xlink:label="note-0077-02" xlink:href="note-0077-02a" xml:space="preserve">Ex'qua par-
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            te luna eſt
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            tranſpicua
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            non ſolum
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            ſecundum
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            ſuperficiem
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            ſed etiam
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            ſecundum
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            ſubſtantiam
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            eatenus cla-
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            ra, ex qna
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            autem parte
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            opaca eſt
              <lb/>
            eatenus ob-
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            ſcura vide-
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            tur. De Phæ-
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            nom. eap. II.
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            Albert.
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            mag. de
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            Coævis
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            Q. 4. Art.
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            12.
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            Colleg. Con.</note>
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          <p>
            <s xml:space="preserve">The more Common and general Opinion, is,
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            that the Spots are the Thinner parts of the
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            Moon, which are leſs able to reflect the Beams
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            that they receive from the Sun, and this is moſt
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            agreeable to reaſon; </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">for if the Stars are there-
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            fore brighteſt, becauſe they are Thicker, and
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            more Solid than their Orbs, then it will follow,
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            that thoſe parts of the Moon which have leſs
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            Light, have alſo leſs Thickneſs. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">It was the
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            Providence of Nature (ſay ſome) that ſo con-
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            trived that Planet to have theſe Spots within
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            it; </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">for ſince that is neareſt to thoſe lower Bo-</s>
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