Wilkins, John, A discovery of a new world : or a discourse tending to prove, that 'tis probable there may be another Habitable World in the Moon ; with a discourse concerning the Probability of a Passage thither; unto which is added, a discourse concerning a New Planet, tending to prove, that 'tis probable our earth is one of the Planets

Table of contents

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[41. PROP. XII.]
[42. PROP. XIII.]
[43. PROP. XIV.]
[44. FINIS.]
[45. A DISCOURSE Concerning a Rem Planet. Tending to prove That ’tis probable our EARTH is one of the PLANETS. The Second Book. By John Wilkins, late L. Biſhop of Cheſter.]
[46. LONDON: Printed by J. D. for John Gellibrand, at the Golden Ball in St. Paul’s Church-Yard. M.DC.LXXXIV.]
[47. To the Reader.]
[48. PROP. I.]
[49. PROP. II.]
[50. PROP. III.]
[51. PROP. IV.]
[52. PROP. V.]
[53. PROP. VI.]
[54. PROP. VII. PROP. VIII. PROP. IX. PROP. X.]
[55. That the EARTH May be a PLANET. PROP. I.]
[56. PROP. II.]
[57. PROP. III.]
[58. PROP. IV.]
[59. PROP. V. That the Scripture, in its proper conſtru-ction, does not any where affirm the Immobility of the Earth.]
[60. PROP. VI. That there is not any Argument from the Words of Scripture, Principles of Na-ture, or Obſervations in Aſtronomy, which can ſuſſiciently evidence the Earth to be in the Gentre of the Uni-verſe.]
[61. PROP. VII. Tis probable that the Sun is in the Gentre of the World.]
[62. PROP. VIII. That there is not any ſufficient reaſon to prove the Earth incapable of thoſe mo-tions which Copernicus aſcribes un-to it.]
[63. Provebimur portu, terræque, verbeſq; recedunt.]
[64. PROP. IX. That it is more probable the Earth does move, than the Sun or Heavens.]
[65. PROP. X. That this Hypotheſis is exactly agreeable to common appearances.]
[66. Quicunq; ſolam mente præcipiti petit]
[67. Brevem replere non valentis ambitum, # Pudebit aucti nominis.]
[68. FINIS.]
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That the Moon may be a World.
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          <p>
            <s xml:space="preserve">The
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            Stoicks held that Planet to be mix-
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            ed by Fire and Air, and in their Opinion, the
              <lb/>
            Variety of its Compoſition cauſed her ſpots;
              <lb/>
            </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">being not aſhamed to ſtile the ſame Body a
              <lb/>
            Goddeſs, calling it Diana, Minerva, &</s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">c. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">and
              <lb/>
            yet affirm it to be an impure Mixture of
              <lb/>
            Flame and Smoke, and Fuliginous Air.</s>
            <s xml:space="preserve"/>
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            <note symbol="a" position="left" xlink:label="note-0076-01" xlink:href="note-0076-01a" xml:space="preserve">Plut. Fe
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            placit. phil.
              <lb/>
            l 2. c. 25.</note>
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          <p>
            <s xml:space="preserve">But this Planet cannot conſiſt of Fire (ſaith
              <lb/>
            Plutarch) becauſe there is not any Fewel to
              <lb/>
            maintain it. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">And the Poets therefore have
              <lb/>
            fained Vulcan to be lame, becauſe he can no
              <lb/>
            more ſubſiſt without Wood or other Fewel,
              <lb/>
            than a Lame Man without a Staff.</s>
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          </p>
          <p>
            <s xml:space="preserve">Anaxagor as thought all the Stars to be of an
              <lb/>
            Earthly Nature, Mixed with ſome Fire; </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">and
              <lb/>
            as for the Sun, he affirmed it to be nothing
              <lb/>
            elſe but a ſieryStone; </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">for which later Opinion
              <lb/>
              <anchor type="note" xlink:label="note-0076-02a" xlink:href="note-0076-02"/>
            the Athenians ſentenc'd him to Death, thoſe
              <lb/>
            Zealous Idolaters counting it a great Blaſphe-
              <lb/>
            my to make their God a Stone, whereas not-
              <lb/>
            withſtanding, they were ſo ſenſeleſs in their
              <lb/>
            adoration of Idols, as to make a Stone their
              <lb/>
            God. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">This Anaxagor as affirm'd the Moon to
              <lb/>
            be more Terreſtrial than the other Planets,
              <lb/>
            but of a greater Purity than any thing here
              <lb/>
            below, and the Spots, he thought, were no-
              <lb/>
            thing elſe, but ſome cloudy parts, intermin-
              <lb/>
            gled with the Light which belonged to that
              <lb/>
            Planet; </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">but I have above deſtroyed the Sup-
              <lb/>
            poſition on which this Fancy is grounded. </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">Pli-
              <lb/>
            ny thinks they ariſe from ſome droſſie ſtuff,
              <lb/>
              <anchor type="note" xlink:label="note-0076-03a" xlink:href="note-0076-03"/>
            mixed with that moiſture which the Moon
              <lb/>
            attracts unto her ſelſ; </s>
            <s xml:space="preserve">but he was of their Opi-
              <lb/>
            nion, who thought the Stars were nouriſhed
              <lb/>
            by ſome Earthly Vapours, which you may</s>
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