Agricola, Georg, De re metallica Libri XII, Quibus Officia, Instrumenta, Machinae, ac omnia ..., 1556

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      <text>
        <body>
          <chap id="N10018">
            <pb pagenum="501" xlink:href="001/01/511.jpg"/>
            <p id="N21E02" type="main">
              <s id="N21E04">Quin cochleæ in Balearibus inſulis, ut Plinius ſcribit, cauaticæ appella­
                <lb/>
              tæ, non prorepunt è cauis terræ, neque herba uiuunt, ſed uuæ modo inter ſe
                <lb/>
              cohærent. </s>
              <s id="N21E0B">Accedo nunc ad
                <expan abbr="alterũ">alterum</expan>
                <expan abbr="animantiũ">animantium</expan>
                <expan abbr="ſubterranearũ">ſubterranearum</expan>
              genus, quod in
                <lb/>
              humidis terræ locis agit: etſi lumbrici
                <expan abbr="etiã">etiam</expan>
              & aliæ
                <expan abbr="quædã">quædam</expan>
              id genus animan­
                <lb/>
              tes in terra
                <expan abbr="tantũ">tantum</expan>
              gignuntur humida. </s>
              <s id="N21E2A">Piſces
                <expan abbr="aũt">aunt</expan>
              foſſiles
                <expan abbr="duorũ">duorum</expan>
                <expan abbr="generũ">generum</expan>
              inue­
                <lb/>
              niuntur, ſed intra
                <expan abbr="terrã">terram</expan>
                <expan abbr="nõnihil">nonnihil</expan>
              teretes ut anguillæ,
                <expan abbr="uerũ">uerum</expan>
              pelle carent tenaci:
                <lb/>
              ſquamis etiam, ut & gobij: duramque nec admodum iucundam guſtui
                <expan abbr="habẽt">habent</expan>
                <lb/>
              carnem: maiores craſſi ſunt ferè duos digitos: minores, digitum: illi longi cir
                <lb/>
              citer palmos quatuor: hi tres. </s>
              <s id="N21E51">
                <expan abbr="Sonũ">Sonum</expan>
              edunt
                <expan abbr="acutũ">acutum</expan>
              . </s>
              <s id="N21E5B">Eos pharmacopolæ in ui­
                <lb/>
              trum incluſos de trabe ſuſpendunt, ut ſpectaculum hominibus præbeant:
                <lb/>
              longoque tempore alunt pane & alijs quibuſdam. </s>
              <s id="N21E62">Ex fluminibus
                <expan abbr="aũt">aut</expan>
              quæ
                <lb/>
              currunt in locis paludinoſis, egreſſi per riparum uenas longius penetrant in
                <lb/>
              terram: & interdum in proximi oppidi cellas uſque ſubterraneas, in quibus
                <lb/>
              uinum uel ceruiſia ſolet condi. </s>
              <s id="N21E6F">Attamen Theophraſtus ſcribit eos reperiri
                <lb/>
              iuxta fluuios, & in aquoſis locis. </s>
              <s id="N21E74">Cùm enim terram inundauerit aqua, ex al­
                <lb/>
              ueis fluminum egredi in eam: cùm decreuerit, relinqui in exiccata. </s>
              <s id="N21E79">Itaque per­
                <lb/>
              ſequentes humorem terram ſubire: dein humore exiccato in halitu perma­
                <lb/>
              nere: non aliter ac piſces inter cæteros ſalitos uiuunt. </s>
              <s id="N21E80">In latebris autem pro­
                <lb/>
              pter ſenſuum ſtuporem eos nihil ſentire, ſed effoſſos ſe mouere. </s>
              <s id="N21E85">Non diſſi­
                <lb/>
              mile ait accidere in Ponto his piſcibus quos glacies complectitur. </s>
              <s id="N21E8A">Etenim
                <lb/>
              non prius ſentiunt & mouentur, quàm in patinam iniecti coquantur. </s>
              <s id="N21E8F">Ve
                <lb/>
              rùm nullos piſces, qui in fluuijs uerſari ſemper ſoliti fuerunt, poſt inundatio
                <lb/>
              nes in locis ſiccis relictos ſubire terram uidemus, ſed omnes de uita decede­
                <lb/>
              re. </s>
              <s id="N21E98">Itaque cùm foſſiles piſces etiam in locis, quos non inundauit aqua, ſoleant
                <lb/>
              inueniri, certum eſt illos eò per uenas & uenulas penetrare. </s>
              <s id="N21E9D">De qua re ultra
                <lb/>
              Albim Orteranti, quod oppidum eſt ad
                <expan abbr="Polſeniciũ">Polſenicium</expan>
              fluuium, diligenter ad­
                <lb/>
              uerti. </s>
              <s id="N21EA8">Nec in Germania modo foſſiles piſces reperiri ſolent, ſed etiam poſt
                <lb/>
              Pyrenæos montes, ut Polybius in quarto & trigeſimo
                <expan abbr="hiſtoriarũ">hiſtoriarum</expan>
              libro tra­
                <lb/>
              dit, uſque ad Narbonem amnem planicies eſt: per quam fluuij feruntur Ilibe­
                <lb/>
              ris, & Roſchinus, fluentes propter urbes eiuſdem nominis, quæ habitantur
                <lb/>
              à Celtis. </s>
              <s id="N21EB7">In hac igitur planicie ſunt piſces foſſiles dicti. </s>
              <s id="N21EBA">In ea enim eſt terra te­
                <lb/>
              nuis, &
                <expan abbr="multũ">multum</expan>
              naſcitur gramen: ſub quod altitudine duorum uel trium cubi
                <lb/>
              torum per arenam aqua fluminum dilatata fluit. </s>
              <s id="N21EC5">Et ſi quando inundauerint
                <lb/>
              cum aqua, piſces terram ſubeuntes alimenti cauſa, nam mirifice
                <expan abbr="appetũt">appetunt</expan>
              gra
                <lb/>
              minis radices, planiciem efficiunt refertam piſcibus ſubterraneis, quos inco
                <lb/>
              læ effodiunt. </s>
              <s id="N21ED2">Inueniuntur etiam foſſiles piſces circa Heracleam, & in multis
                <lb/>
              Ponti locis, ut Theophraſtus memoriæ prodidit: in Paphlagonia, ut Eudo
                <lb/>
              xus. </s>
              <s id="N21ED9">Quin, ſi Senecæ credimus, ſub terra ſunt ſtagna obſeſſa tenebris & lo­
                <lb/>
              cis amplis. </s>
              <s id="N21EDE">Animalia quoque illis innaſcuntur, ſed tarda & informia, ut in ae­
                <lb/>
              re cæco, pinguique concepta, & in aquis torpentibus facta. </s>
              <s id="N21EE3">Et, ut idem ſcri­
                <lb/>
              bit, in Caria circa Idimum urbem, cùm exiliſſet unda, periere quicunque illos
                <lb/>
              ederant piſces, quos ignoto ante eum diem cœlo nouus amnis oſtendit.</s>
            </p>
            <p id="N21EEA" type="main">
              <s id="N21EEC">Poſtremò in
                <expan abbr="ſubterranearũ">ſubterranearum</expan>
              animantium, ſeu, quod placet theologis, ſub­
                <lb/>
              ſtantiarum numero haberi poſſunt dæmones, qui in quibuſdam uerſantur
                <lb/>
              fodinis. </s>
              <s id="N21EF7">Eorum autem duplex eſt genus. </s>
              <s id="N21EFA">Sunt enim tiuculenti & terribiles </s>
            </p>
          </chap>
        </body>
      </text>
    </archimedes>