Agricola, Georg, De re metallica Libri XII, Quibus Officia, Instrumenta, Machinae, ac omnia ..., 1556

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    <archimedes>
      <text>
        <body>
          <chap id="N10018">
            <p id="N20881" type="main">
              <s id="N2091E">
                <pb pagenum="482" xlink:href="001/01/492.jpg"/>
              arboribus, ſiue in montibus latuerint, ea de cauſa uerno tempore deplumes
                <lb/>
              ſolent
                <expan abbr="cõſpici">conſpici</expan>
              . </s>
              <s id="N20930">Satis multa, et fortaſſis plura quàm inſtituta ratio poſtulabat,
                <lb/>
              dixi de his animantibus quæ caloris frigorisúe uitandi cauſa non ſubeunt
                <lb/>
              terræ neque rimas neque foramina, neque
                <expan abbr="ſpelũcas">ſpeluncas</expan>
              . </s>
              <s id="N2093B">Quanquam quæ dicta ſunt,
                <lb/>
              ita apte natura cum his quæ ſequuntur cohærent, ut diſtracta uix poſſint ſa
                <lb/>
              tis
                <expan abbr="cõmode">commode</expan>
              explicari. </s>
              <s id="N20946">Igitur
                <expan abbr="animantiũ">animantium</expan>
              ,
                <expan abbr="quarũ">quarum</expan>
              gratia potiſſimum hunc ſcri­
                <lb/>
              bendi laborem ſuſcepi, tria ſunt genera. </s>
              <s id="N20953">Quædam enim uel noctu uel inter­
                <lb/>
              diu
                <expan abbr="ſubeũt">ſubeunt</expan>
              terræ cauernas, atque in eis
                <expan abbr="deliteſcũt">deliteſcunt</expan>
              , dormiuntúe: ſed pleræque o­
                <lb/>
              mnes etiam hyeme egrediuntur ad paſtum capeſcendum:
                <expan abbr="quædã">quædam</expan>
              certo anni
                <lb/>
              tempore ſubterraneas
                <expan abbr="ſuccedũt">ſuccedunt</expan>
              cauernas, & in eis graui ſomno preſſæ aliq̊t
                <lb/>
              menſes
                <expan abbr="cõſumunt">conſumunt</expan>
              : quædam ferè perpetuo occulte in terra latent. </s>
              <s id="N20972">Primi ge­
                <lb/>
              neris non ſolum terrenæ ſunt, ſed etiam uolucres:
                <expan abbr="uerũ">uerum</expan>
              terrenas primò perſe
                <lb/>
              quar. </s>
              <s id="N2097D">Earum
                <expan abbr="aũt">aut</expan>
              in numero habentur homines cauernas
                <expan abbr="ſuccedẽtes">ſuccedentes</expan>
              , qui ex
                <lb/>
              eo nominantur Troglodytæ: quorum alij eas cauernas
                <expan abbr="ſubeũt">ſubeunt</expan>
              caloris uitan
                <lb/>
              di cauſa, ut qui in Africa habitant ad mare rubrum, & Syrticæ gentes: alij fri
                <lb/>
              goris, ut qui in Aſia poſt Caucaſum montem incolunt planiciem ſeptentri­
                <lb/>
              ones uerſus ſitam, & Scythicæ
                <expan abbr="gẽtes">gentes</expan>
              , & ſylueſtres homines, qui in Scandiæ
                <lb/>
              regione Scricfinnia noctu nautis infeſti ſunt: quos ij rogis ardentibus abi­
                <lb/>
              gunt. </s>
              <s id="N2099C">In Armenia etiam maiore, ut Xenophon optimus author ſcribit, ſunt
                <lb/>
              domus ſubterraneæ, quarum oſtium putei inſtar
                <expan abbr="anguſtũ">anguſtum</expan>
              eſt, inferior pars
                <lb/>
              lata, aditus iumentis ſunt foſſiles, homines
                <expan abbr="deſcendũt">deſcendunt</expan>
              gradibus. </s>
              <s id="N209AB">Quin in Te
                <lb/>
              nedo inſula piſcatores hodie
                <expan abbr="rupiũ">rupium</expan>
              ſpeluncis pro domibus
                <expan abbr="utũtur">utuntur</expan>
              : ut quon
                <lb/>
              dam Cacus latro ſpelunca inter
                <expan abbr="Auentinũ">Auentinum</expan>
                <expan abbr="montẽ">montem</expan>
              & ſalinas ­Facies
                <expan abbr="quã">quam</expan>
                <lb/>
              dira tegebat Solis inacceſſam radijs: ut Sybilla Cumæa antro illo ad Auer
                <lb/>
              num lacum tam muſiuo opere inſigni quàm uaticinationibus nobili. </s>
              <s id="N209CA">Et Cir
                <lb/>
              ce, mulier cantionibus clara, habitauit,
                <foreign lang="el">e)n spe/esi glafuroi=si</foreign>
              , ut Homerus ca­
                <lb/>
              nit. </s>
              <s id="N209D5">In Sedunis
                <expan abbr="etiã">etiam</expan>
              in tractu Sittenſi ad Bremiſam pagum ex rupe exciſa ſi­
                <lb/>
              ne ullis tignis & trabibus ligneis formatum eſt integrum cœnobium, hoc
                <lb/>
              eſt, templum, cubicula, conclaue, culina, cella uinaria. </s>
              <s id="N209E0">Similiter in altis mon­
                <lb/>
              tibus conſpiciuntur arces ſubterraneæ: ut quæ in Alpibus Couolum nomi
                <lb/>
              natur, in quam nec equites nec pedites poſſunt
                <expan abbr="aſcẽdere">aſcendere</expan>
              , ſed cùm homines,
                <lb/>
              tum omnia ad uiuendum neceſſaria ad ipſam attrahuntur: quæ in præcipiti
                <lb/>
              Siciliæ rupe, non longe ab Eryce monte exiſtit, cum Drepano promonto­
                <lb/>
              rio coniuncta ponticulo, quo ſolo adiri poteſt: quæ in Saxonia inter Blan­
                <lb/>
              cheburgum & Halberſtadum eſt: quæ in Toringia inter Vimariam & Blan
                <lb/>
              chenhainam prope Mellingum pagum: illius nomen eſt Reineſteinum ue­
                <lb/>
              tus, huius Pufhardum, atque ea diſtat à Vimaria quatuor milib. paſſuum: u­
                <lb/>
              traque ab habitatoribus nunc deſerta eſt & uacua: utraque habet in ſaxo
                <expan abbr="inciſã">inciſam</expan>
                <lb/>
              hypocauſta, conclauia, ſcamna, ſtabula, præſepia, ianuas, feneſtras: Saxoni­
                <lb/>
              ca uerò etiam templum, ſupra quod incolæ extruxerunt ſpeculam, quæ ſo
                <lb/>
              la ſubiecta fuit ſub aſpectum. </s>
              <s id="N20A03">Hoc templum teſtudinis figura, & pila media
                <lb/>
              rotunda inſigne eſt: cætera omnia ſunt quadrata. </s>
              <s id="N20A08">Ipſe mons Saxonicus præ
                <lb/>
              ceps eſt ex omni parte, præter eam qua aſcenditur: in cuius planicie excelſus
                <lb/>
              collis clementer aſſurgit, qui qua parte planiciem ſpectat, foſſa ſatis alta & la
                <lb/>
              ta circumdatur: ex huius collis ſaxo arenaceo, nonnihil rubro, exciſo forma­</s>
            </p>
          </chap>
        </body>
      </text>
    </archimedes>