Agricola, Georg, De re metallica Libri XII, Quibus Officia, Instrumenta, Machinae, ac omnia ..., 1556

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      <text>
        <body>
          <chap id="N10018">
            <p id="N20A2B" type="main">
              <s id="N20B0D">
                <pb pagenum="484" xlink:href="001/01/494.jpg"/>
                <expan abbr="metũ">metum</expan>
              ſe in
                <expan abbr="globũ">globum</expan>
              concludat, ut ſe ſpinis undique poſſit defendere, permingit,
                <lb/>
              eoque modo ſuffocat. </s>
              <s id="N20B1E">Etenim propter urinam in ipſius os influentem
                <expan abbr="ſpiritũ">ſpiritum</expan>
                <lb/>
              ducendi nullam habet poteſtatem. </s>
              <s id="N20B27">Ea uerò uulpis, quæ canis mediocris ma
                <lb/>
              gnitudo eſt. </s>
              <s id="N20B2C">Color
                <expan abbr="aũt">aut</expan>
              ſæpe rutilus, priore tamen parte caneſcens: raro can
                <lb/>
              didus, rarius niger. </s>
              <s id="N20B35">Fiber etiam & lutra egrediuntur ex riparum cauernis, in
                <lb/>
              quibus latent, & ſe in fluminibus mergunt, ac piſces capiunt quibus ueſcun
                <lb/>
              tur: ſed fructus quoque & cortices
                <expan abbr="arborũ">arborum</expan>
              comedunt. </s>
              <s id="N20B40">Lutra autem à lutando
                <lb/>
              appellatur. </s>
              <s id="N20B45">Frequenter enim ſe lauat cum capiendi piſcis cauſa ſe in aquas, i­
                <lb/>
              mò ſæpe in earum profundum, penitus immergit: quanque Varro hoc uoca
                <lb/>
              bulum à Græcis fluxiſſe, & lytram iccirco nominatam putat, quod ſuccide­
                <lb/>
              re dicatur radices arborum in ripa, atque eas diſſoluere: ad tantum autem fere
                <lb/>
              ſpacium ſub aquis natat & currit anteaque rurſus emergens aerem ſpiritu du
                <lb/>
              cat, ad quantum arcus intentus ſagittam poteſt emittere: quem aerem ſi du
                <lb/>
              cere nequit, ut cæteræ animantes gradientes, ſuffocatur. </s>
              <s id="N20B54">Corpus ei latius &
                <lb/>
              longius fele, pedes breues, dentes acuti: à fibro cauda, poſteriorib. </s>
              <s id="N20B59">pedibus,
                <lb/>
              pilis differt. </s>
              <s id="N20B5E">Nam lutra caudam habet longam & reliquarum
                <expan abbr="quadrupedũ">quadrupedum</expan>
                <lb/>
              ſimilem: fiber piſcis: ſquamis tamen non obductam, admodum pinguem, la
                <lb/>
              tam ferè palmum, longam dodrantem. </s>
              <s id="N20B69">Is ſi iacet in gradibus, caudam & po
                <lb/>
              ſteriores pedes demittit in flumen cum frigoribus non conglaciat: ſi natat,
                <lb/>
              cauda mota quaſi remigare ſolet. </s>
              <s id="N20B70">Lutræ autem pedes omnes caninis ſunt ſi­
                <lb/>
              miles: fibri priores caninis, poſteriores anſerinis. </s>
              <s id="N20B75">Etenim membranæ quæ­
                <lb/>
              dam digitis ſunt interiectæ: itaque hi ad natandum, illi ad eundum magis na­
                <lb/>
              ti aptique: nam in aqua & in terra uiuit. </s>
              <s id="N20B7C">Fibri uerò pilus eſt in cinereo
                <expan abbr="cãdidus">candidus</expan>
                <lb/>
              & inæqualis: ubique enim à breuibus duplo longiores exiſtunt: ſed lutræ fu­
                <lb/>
              ſcus nonnihil ad caſtaneæ colorem deflectit, & breuis ac æqualis eſt, utrique
                <lb/>
              uerò nitidus, & mollis, quare utriuſque pellibus conciſis fimbrias ueſtium ex
                <lb/>
              pellibus nobilibus confectarum, ſolent exornare:
                <expan abbr="quanquã">quanquam</expan>
              lutræ pelles lon</s>
              <s id="N20B8F">
                <lb/>
              gè præſtant fibri pellibus: attamen
                <expan abbr="fibrorũ">fibrorum</expan>
              quoque pelles inter ſe multum differunt
                <lb/>
              colore: nam aliæ magis aliæ, minus ad nigrum accedunt, quædam ad
                <lb/>
              rufum: nigriores quidem longe cæteris præſtant, minus nigri medium
                <expan abbr="locũ">locum</expan>
                <lb/>
              tenent, ſubrufi ſunt deterrimi. </s>
              <s id="N20BA1">Fiber autem in primis prouidus eſt & ſolers:
                <lb/>
              etenim fruticibus & arbuſculis dente, tanquam ferro, reſectis ante riparum
                <lb/>
              cauernas conſtruit paruas quaſdam caſas, & in ijs duos tresúe gradus, quaſi
                <lb/>
              quaſdam cameras: ut cum aqua fluminis creſcens inundauerit ripas, poſſit
                <lb/>
              aſcendere cum decreſcens reſederit, deſcendere. </s>
              <s id="N20BAC">Atque etiam cum arborem
                <lb/>
              iam ferè ſecuit, quoties
                <expan abbr="ictũ">ictum</expan>
              facit, rotiens ſuſpiciens conſiderat num ſit caſu­
                <lb/>
              ra. </s>
              <s id="N20BB7">Timet enim ne, ſi eo ictu
                <expan abbr="cõcidat">concidat</expan>
              , ab ea,
                <expan abbr="priuſquã">priuſquam</expan>
              recedere de loco poſſit,
                <lb/>
              incautus opprimatur. </s>
              <s id="N20BC4">Nec uerò minus eſt
                <expan abbr="cõſtans">conſtans</expan>
              in propoſito quàm ſo
                <lb/>
              lers: nam quam arborem ad ripas primo elegit ſecandam, eam non mutat, e­
                <lb/>
              tiam ſi longo temporis ſpacio diſſecare
                <expan abbr="">non</expan>
              poſſit. </s>
              <s id="N20BD3">Hoc animal uocem infan­
                <lb/>
              tis inſtar mittit: ipſum
                <expan abbr="aũt">aut</expan>
              uenamur
                <expan abbr="">non</expan>
              modo propter
                <expan abbr="caudã">caudam</expan>
              qua ueſcimur,
                <lb/>
              & pellem qua ueſtimur, ſed
                <expan abbr="etiã">etiam</expan>
              propter teſtes, quibus ut medicamentis, uti
                <lb/>
              mur: præſertim Ponticis:
                <expan abbr="maximã">maximam</expan>
              enim uim habent: Eos teſtes, caſtorea me
                <lb/>
              dici nominant. </s>
              <s id="N20BF2">
                <expan abbr="Fibrũ">Fibrum</expan>
              enim Græci uocant
                <foreign lang="el">ka/sora. </foreign>
              </s>
              <s id="N20BFC">Sed fiber autore Varrone
                <lb/>
              dictus ab extrema ora fluminis dextra & ſiniſtra, qua maxime ſolet uideri: </s>
            </p>
          </chap>
        </body>
      </text>
    </archimedes>