Benedetti, Giovanni Battista de, Io. Baptistae Benedicti ... Diversarvm specvlationvm mathematicarum, et physicarum liber : quarum seriem sequens pagina indicabit ; [annotated and critiqued by Guidobaldo Del Monte]

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EPISTOL AE.
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                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2807" xml:space="preserve">
                    <pb o="229" rhead="EPISTOL AE." n="241" file="0241" xlink:href="http://echo.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/zogilib?fn=/permanent/library/163127KK/pageimg/0241"/>
                  nionem, ſi quam fortaſſe ex
                    <reg norm="illorum" type="context">illorũ</reg>
                  ſcriptorum lectione
                    <reg norm="conceperunt" type="context">cõceperunt</reg>
                  circa ea, de qui-
                    <lb/>
                  bus nunc ſum acturus.</s>
                </p>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2808" xml:space="preserve">
                    <reg norm="Quemadmodum" type="context">Quemadmodũ</reg>
                  igitur ab hoc authore ter ſcriptum fuit de
                    <reg norm="contradictionibus" type="context">cõtradictionibus</reg>
                  , ſiue
                    <lb/>
                  erroribus Ephemeridum, & earum calculos ſequentium, & de ratione qua cognoſci
                    <lb/>
                  poteſt ſitus & locus alicuius ſuperioris planetæ, diuerſus ab eo, qui ab ipſis Epheme
                    <lb/>
                  ridibus aſſignatus eſt, ita diſputationem hanc meam diuidam in tres partes, quo ſci
                    <lb/>
                  licet minus confusè, & magis diſtinctè à me ſcribatur,
                    <reg norm="praeſupponendo" type="simple">p̃ſupponendo</reg>
                  , vt animaduer-
                    <lb/>
                  tere potes, huius ſcriptoris intentionem, aliam non fuiſſe,
                    <reg norm="quam" type="context">quã</reg>
                    <reg norm="oſtendere" type="context">oſtẽdere</reg>
                  , quod ſcripto
                    <lb/>
                  res Ephemeridum diuerſimode eiuſdem temporis locum planetæ aſſignauere, &
                    <lb/>
                  quod eum faciant modo nimium velociter currere, modo nimium in vno ſigno mo-
                    <lb/>
                  rari, vt (exempli gratia) Martem interdum faciunt morari ſex, aut ſeptem menſibus
                    <lb/>
                  in vno ſigno. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2809" xml:space="preserve">
                    <reg norm="Idque" type="simple">Idq;</reg>
                  poſtea in cauſa eſſe ait, vt Aſtrologi indiciarij
                    <reg norm="fallantur" type="context">fallãtur</reg>
                  , & ſimul
                    <lb/>
                  careant certis fundamentis rationum quibus futura indicent, & prædicant. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2810" xml:space="preserve">Primum
                    <lb/>
                  ergo videndum eſt, quam rectè hic vſus ſit arte, & ſcientia, vt aliorum opiniones, &
                    <lb/>
                  ſcripta redarguere poſſet. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2811" xml:space="preserve">Deinde videbimus quomodo verum ſit, & poſſibile id
                    <lb/>
                  quod ab Aſtrologis hactenus creditum, atque traditum eſt, & qua ratione poſſint ſie
                    <lb/>
                  ri veri calculi à peritis regularum ſcientiæ.</s>
                </p>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2812" xml:space="preserve">In primo igitur tractatu inſcripto Animadnerſiones, præſupponit Author pro-
                    <lb/>
                  feſſores huius ſcientiæ neſcire inuenire vera loca planetarum, quia vtuntur Ephe-
                    <lb/>
                  meridibus, in quibus eorum loca non rectè ſunt notata. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2813" xml:space="preserve">Quod ſecundum ipſum ori
                    <lb/>
                  tur, ex errore calculatorum, ſeu computiſtarum, potius quam ex varietate tabula-
                    <lb/>
                  rum, à quibus Ephemerides ſumptæ ſunt, hoc tamen verum non eſt, Ephemeridas,
                    <lb/>
                  ſcilicet, ita inter ſe differre, ratione errorum computiſtarum tantummodo, ſed po-
                    <lb/>
                  tius ratione ipſarum tabularum, & ſi interdum contingere poſſit error aliquorum mi
                    <lb/>
                  nutorum, nec non graduum, non propterea Ephemerides ita ſpernendæ ſunt. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2814" xml:space="preserve">In
                    <lb/>
                  multis enim calculis, tales errores excuſabiles ſunt, cum ab innumerabilibus propè
                    <lb/>
                  accidentibus oriri poſſint, præſertim in calculis prutenicis.</s>
                </p>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2815" xml:space="preserve">Videatur deinde vbi is profert quinquageſimum enuntiatum centiloquij Ptole-
                    <lb/>
                  męi, ſatis mendoſe. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2816" xml:space="preserve">Ptolemęus enim ibi ſic ait.</s>
                </p>
                <quote>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2817" xml:space="preserve">Non obliuiſcaris eſſe centum viginti coniunctiones, quæ ſunt in ſtellis erraticis,
                    <lb/>
                  in illis enim eſt maior ſcientia eorum quæfiunt in hunc
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                  ſuſcipiendi incre-
                    <lb/>
                  mentum, & decrementum.</s>
                </quote>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2818" xml:space="preserve">Nam, neque eo in loco, neque alibi, Ptolemęus quidquam eius dicere voluit
                    <lb/>
                  quod ab hoc profertur.</s>
                </p>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2819" xml:space="preserve">Pergatur poſtea in pag .2. & videbitur hunc exiſtimare abſurdum quod Saturni,
                    <lb/>
                  & Iouis coniunctio vera anni .1563. potuerit eſſe in Leone ſigno igneæ triplicitatis
                    <lb/>
                  cum eorum coniunctio vera anni .1544. fuerit in Scorpione, ſigno triplicitatis
                    <lb/>
                  aqueæ, & cum coitus eorum anni .1583. futurus ſit in Piſcibus, ſigno pariter tripli-
                    <lb/>
                  citatis aqueæ. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2820" xml:space="preserve">Ita enim ait.</s>
                </p>
                <quote>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2821" xml:space="preserve">Nam poſtquam duæ ſtellæ coiuerint, non prius ſub alio alterius triplicitatis ſigno
                    <lb/>
                  inter ſe ſunt conuenturæ, quam per omnia ſigna quæ eiuſdem ternarij cum primo ex
                    <lb/>
                  titerint prius
                    <reg norm="coniungantur" type="context">coniungãtur</reg>
                  . </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2822" xml:space="preserve">Ita ſentit Ptolemęus,
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                  non aſpernendi nominis
                    <lb/>
                  Aftronomi.</s>
                </quote>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2823" xml:space="preserve">Et
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                  Ptolemęus nunquam
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                  huius rei attigit, & quamuis Albumaſar
                    <lb/>
                  & Alchibitius de eo
                    <reg norm="loquantur" type="context">loquãtur</reg>
                  , is tamen eosnon intellexit, cum illi ibi
                    <reg norm="non" type="context">nõ</reg>
                  agant de </s>
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