Benedetti, Giovanni Battista de, Io. Baptistae Benedicti ... Diversarvm specvlationvm mathematicarum, et physicarum liber : quarum seriem sequens pagina indicabit ; [annotated and critiqued by Guidobaldo Del Monte]

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EPISTOLAE.
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          <div xml:id="echoid-div477" type="chapter" level="2" n="6">
            <div xml:id="echoid-div495" type="section" level="3" n="5">
              <div xml:id="echoid-div495" type="letter" level="4" n="1">
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2982" xml:space="preserve">
                    <pb o="239" rhead="EPISTOLAE." n="251" file="0251" xlink:href="http://echo.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/zogilib?fn=/permanent/library/163127KK/pageimg/0251"/>
                  in ijs ſunt conſumati, nec curam mihi ſuſcipere erudiendi imperitos. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2983" xml:space="preserve">Satis igitur ſit
                    <lb/>
                  oſtendiſſe, quod qui ſcripſit Martem commorari poſſe tam multos menſes in vno ſi
                    <lb/>
                  gno, non impoſſibilem rem tradidit. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2984" xml:space="preserve">Immo per obſeruationes huius veritatis mil-
                    <lb/>
                  lies factas, Aſtrologi fecere ſupradictas ſuppoſitiones neceſſarias ad
                    <reg norm="reducendum" type="context">reducẽdum</reg>
                  in
                    <lb/>
                  ſuas cauſas, & ad regulam, eiuſmodi veriſſimos effectus.</s>
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                  <figure xlink:label="fig-0250-01" xlink:href="fig-0250-01a">
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                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2985" xml:space="preserve">Non oportebat autem ſcriptorem harum animaduerſionum tantopere eiuſmodi
                    <lb/>
                  mora commoueri, ſed cogitare
                    <reg norm="quod" type="simple">ꝙ</reg>
                  fortaſſe calculi facti fuerunt eo tempore quo mi-
                    <lb/>
                  ſer Mars à Vulcano rete vinctus erat. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2986" xml:space="preserve">Vnde cum nonita celeriter ſe expedire poſſet
                    <lb/>
                  iter eius ſegnius peractum fuit. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2987" xml:space="preserve">Aut
                    <reg norm="quod" type="simple">ꝙ</reg>
                    <reg norm="quum" type="context">quũ</reg>
                  vulneratus fuit in bello Troiano, vis eius
                    <lb/>
                  & agilitas per aliquantulum temporis imminuta fuit. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2988" xml:space="preserve">Atque ſi hic etiam intellexiſ
                    <lb/>
                  ſet eum
                    <reg norm="aliquando" type="context">aliquãdo</reg>
                  fuiſſe in poteſtate Othi, & Ephialtis
                    <reg norm="vinctum" type="context">vinctũ</reg>
                  & carceri incluſum
                    <reg norm="men- ſes" type="context">mẽ-
                      <lb/>
                    ſes</reg>
                  tredecim, dum ab Eribea ſolutus fuit, vt tu, antiquos ſequens, eleganter ſcribis
                    <lb/>
                  in illis tuis pulcherimis dialogis. non exiſtimaſſet, credo, tam abſurdum quod alius
                    <lb/>
                    <reg norm="eum" type="context">eũ</reg>
                  detinuiſſet ſex aut ſeptem menſibus, ſed operam dediſſet vt a te intelligeret quid
                    <lb/>
                  ſibi vellet tam longa captiuitas.</s>
                </p>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2989" xml:space="preserve">Sed vt ad rem redeamus. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2990" xml:space="preserve">Idem pag .4. ait, quod verus motus Martis diſtat à me-
                    <lb/>
                  dio circiter dies .8. ſupponens medium motum eſſe dierum .683.
                    <reg norm="quod" type="simple">ꝙ</reg>
                  etiam falſum eſt.
                    <lb/>
                  </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2991" xml:space="preserve">Sed vtcunque ſit, fallitur. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2992" xml:space="preserve">Solet enim periodus veri motus Martis eſſe die-
                    <lb/>
                  rum circiter .708. modo paulo plus, modo paulo minus, & interdum poteſt etiam
                    <lb/>
                  eſſe multo breuior, ſicuti erit à die 3. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2993" xml:space="preserve">Decembris anni .1593.
                    <reg norm="vſque" type="simple">vſq;</reg>
                  ad initium Iunij
                    <num value="1595">.
                      <lb/>
                    1595.</num>
                  </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2994" xml:space="preserve">Tunc enim erit tantum dierum .545. & non quidem ſine ratione, nam dicto
                    <lb/>
                  initio Decembris Mars paulo ante cæperiteſſe directus, cum centrum epicycli erit
                    <lb/>
                  circa medium Tauri, & eius ſtella in principio Arietis & initio Iunij .1595. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2995" xml:space="preserve">Mars pa
                    <lb/>
                  rum diſtabit ab initio retrogradationis, regreſſus tamen ad initium ipſius Arietis, &
                    <lb/>
                  centrum epicycli erit circa medium Aquarij, in cuius ſigni medio, hac ætate repe-
                    <lb/>
                  ritur oppoſitum augis, & in quo ſitu, æquationes
                    <reg norm="argumenti" type="context">argumẽti</reg>
                  ſunt, quam maximę eſſe
                    <lb/>
                  poſſint, quum centrum epicycli circuiuerit ſolum circiter tres quartas totius ambi-
                    <lb/>
                  tus, & Mars circuiuerit per partem ſuperiorem epicycli circiter gradus .252. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2996" xml:space="preserve">Hoc au
                    <lb/>
                  tem dico, vt oſtendam poſſibilitatem huius eius extraordinariæ velocitatis. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2997" xml:space="preserve">Nam
                    <lb/>
                    <reg norm="quicunque" type="simple">quicunq;</reg>
                  voluerit poterit certior fieri, per calculum partium motus Martis.</s>
                </p>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2998" xml:space="preserve">Vbiautem poſtea idem author miratur interualla, quæ
                    <reg norm="ponuntur" type="context">ponũtur</reg>
                  inter coniunctio
                    <lb/>
                  nes Iouis, & Martis in eodem ſigno,
                    <reg norm="eaque" type="simple">eaq́;</reg>
                  vocat errores maximos, oſtendit ſe non re
                    <lb/>
                  ctè conſideraſſe motus eorum. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s2999" xml:space="preserve">Et præcipuè primum miratur
                    <reg norm="quod" type="simple">ꝙ</reg>
                  inter annum .1528.
                    <lb/>
                  et .1553. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3000" xml:space="preserve">Iupiter & Mars nunquam coeant in Leone, cum hæ duæ coniunctiones in
                    <lb/>
                  ter ſe diſtent ann .25. afferens pro ratione, quod hæc duo ſydera, altero quoque anno
                    <lb/>
                  coniunguntur, ſic dicens.</s>
                </p>
                <quote>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3001" xml:space="preserve">Qui ſciet has duas ſtellas ſecundo quoque anno inter ſe coniungendas, mirabitur
                    <lb/>
                  quomodo non poterunt numeratores, huiuſmodi animaduertere errores.</s>
                </quote>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3002" xml:space="preserve">Et præter hanc
                    <reg norm="rationem" type="context">rationẽ</reg>
                  fortaſſe
                    <reg norm="ent" type="context">ẽt</reg>
                  conſiderauit,
                    <reg norm="quod" type="simple">ꝙ</reg>
                  in dicto temporis interuallo Iu
                    <lb/>
                  piter
                    <reg norm="semper" type="context">sẽper</reg>
                  fuit in Leone, vt ann .1540. et .1541. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3003" xml:space="preserve">Mars
                    <reg norm="autem" type="wordlist">aũt</reg>
                  in eo ſæpe fuit. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3004" xml:space="preserve">Vnde im
                    <lb/>
                  poſſibile eilvidetur eos non conueniſſe in dicto ſigno. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3005" xml:space="preserve">
                    <reg norm="Idemque" type="simple">Idemq́;</reg>
                  dici poteſt de alijs
                    <lb/>
                  coniunctionibus eorundem planetarum, atque has differentias temporum inter di-
                    <lb/>
                  ctas coniunctiones ipſe tribuit erroribus calculorum Ephemeridum, non autem ta-
                    <lb/>
                  bularum, vt ſupra dixit. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3006" xml:space="preserve">ſed neſcio quare vellet dictos planetas coire in Leone, ſi
                    <lb/>
                  quum Iupiter in eo erat anno .1540. et .1541. & in eo
                    <reg norm="deambulabatur" type="simple">deambulabat̃</reg>
                  , Mars interea
                    <lb/>
                  erat
                    <reg norm="mon" type="context">mõ</reg>
                  in Libra, modo in Scorpione, Sagittario, Capricorno, & alijs ſignis
                    <reg norm="vſque" type="simple">vſq;</reg>
                  ad
                    <lb/>
                  Cancrum, in quo cum repertus fuit anno .1541. cogitans congredi cum loue in Leo­ </s>
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