Benedetti, Giovanni Battista de, Io. Baptistae Benedicti ... Diversarvm specvlationvm mathematicarum, et physicarum liber : quarum seriem sequens pagina indicabit ; [annotated and critiqued by Guidobaldo Del Monte]

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                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3357" xml:space="preserve">
                    <pb o="269" rhead="EPISTOL AE." n="281" file="0281" xlink:href="http://echo.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/zogilib?fn=/permanent/library/163127KK/pageimg/0281"/>
                  ſex baſibus conſtare, pag.15. 583. 632. et .647. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3358" xml:space="preserve">Omitto errorem ab eodem com-
                    <lb/>
                  miſſum in fine pag .39. ubi oleum grauius eſſe quam aquam fatetur, cum id ad res
                    <lb/>
                  mathematicas non ſpectet: </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3359" xml:space="preserve">Omitto etiam quod idem neget aſtrologiam pag .74.
                    <lb/>
                  79. & quod etiam dicat pag .89. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3360" xml:space="preserve">Deum eſſe ad orientem, non conſiderans aliqui-
                    <lb/>
                  bus populis noſtrum orientem eſſe occidentem.</s>
                </p>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3361" xml:space="preserve">Quod idem ait pag .241. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3362" xml:space="preserve">Aſtrologiam eſſe antiquiorem Aſtronomia eſt falſiſſi-
                    <lb/>
                  mum, quia iudiciaria ſemper præſupponit cognitionem ſitus ſtellarum, quæ ab A-
                    <lb/>
                  ſtronomia petitur. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3363" xml:space="preserve">Mouebit tibi riſum quod ait pag .307. his verbis.</s>
                </p>
                <quote>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3364" xml:space="preserve">Verum propriè media dicitur illa, quæ rectam ſphæram omninò habet, quæ eun
                    <lb/>
                  dem polum orizontis & mundi obtinet, quæ orizontem habet diuidentem
                    <reg norm="ſphæram" type="context">ſphærã</reg>
                    <lb/>
                  æquè ſecundum angulos rectè.</s>
                </quote>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3365" xml:space="preserve">Paulo inferius continuans ſermonem de ſphæra recta, ait.</s>
                </p>
                <quote>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3366" xml:space="preserve">Et niſi tumor terræ, & gibum eſſet, ijs perpetuus eſſet dies ſine nocte.</s>
                </quote>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3367" xml:space="preserve">Linea verò .56. ait habitatores ſphęrę rectè habere .4. ſolſtitia, ſeſe ipſum huius
                    <lb/>
                  rei planè ignarum prodens .310. autem pag. ſic ſcribit.</s>
                </p>
                <quote>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3368" xml:space="preserve">Quoniam repercutiuntur radij, & peridem centrum tranſeunt, ob id ſtupam ap
                    <lb/>
                  poſitam centro radius accendit.</s>
                </quote>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3369" xml:space="preserve">Quem quidem errorem ab Euclide deſumit, et .15. linea pag .636. repetit.</s>
                </p>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3370" xml:space="preserve">Si vis ridere, legito .16. primas lineas .357. pag. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3371" xml:space="preserve">Quod idem deinde dicat circa fi-
                    <lb/>
                  nem 396. pag. lucem eſſe ſubſtantiam corporis lucidi & corpoream, ſubijciam tuo
                    <lb/>
                  iudicio, vt etiam quod ait .397. pag. his vetbis vtens.</s>
                </p>
                <quote>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3372" xml:space="preserve">Idcirco animalia illa, quæ nocte vagantur perpolita, dum volant, aerem terunt
                    <lb/>
                  nocturnum, & fulgent.</s>
                </quote>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3373" xml:space="preserve">Et pag .398.</s>
                </p>
                <quote>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3374" xml:space="preserve">Multitudo radiorum non admodum facit ad excitandum calorem ſi ſolum inci-
                    <lb/>
                  dat ſine repercuſſu, neorecta incidere iuuerit.</s>
                </quote>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3375" xml:space="preserve">Quod falſum eſt cum radius incidens longè magis quam reflexus calefaciat. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3376" xml:space="preserve">In fi
                    <lb/>
                  ne autem .405. ſic ſcribit.</s>
                </p>
                <quote>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3377" xml:space="preserve">Sol in ortu & in occaſu longius apparet, iccircò reuolui creditur. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3378" xml:space="preserve">Hinc etiam in
                    <lb/>
                  abſide ſtare putatur, & in oppoſito abſidis, vnde ſolſtitia vocant, ſed nobis in Can-
                    <lb/>
                  cro, antipodibus verò in Capricorno tum Sol abeſſe longius apparet vtriſque.</s>
                </quote>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3379" xml:space="preserve">An hoc quid peius dici poteſt? </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3380" xml:space="preserve">Circa vero .40. lineam pag .459. ſic ſcribit.</s>
                </p>
                <quote>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3381" xml:space="preserve">Si enim alij planetæ, & ſtellæ fixę reciperent à Sole lumen, dum accederent ad So
                    <lb/>
                  lem, vel recederent, aut contra, Sol ad eas appropinquaret, & abſcederet, eaſdem-
                    <lb/>
                  lucis viciſſitudinis ſubiret, quas Luna.</s>
                </quote>
                <quote>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3382" xml:space="preserve">Hoc autem nondum depręhenſum eſt, quin etiam Mercurius, Venus, ſuo interpo
                    <lb/>
                  ſitu, Solem occultarent nobis, vt Luna.</s>
                </quote>
                <quote>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3383" xml:space="preserve">Paulo inferius ſic ait. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3384" xml:space="preserve">Rurſus æquè Saturnus, Jupiter, Mars, ſubire deliquium,
                    <lb/>
                  more Lunæ, aut ſaltem obiectu terræ inter Solem & ipſos, quia tum ob interpoſitam
                    <lb/>
                  terram non poſſent haurire lumen à Sole.</s>
                </quote>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3385" xml:space="preserve">Hæc verò omnia, talia ſunt, qualia ab ijs qui incipiunt intelligere ſphæram non
                    <lb/>
                  proferrentur. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3386" xml:space="preserve">Omittamus, quod ait deinde.</s>
                </p>
                <quote>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3387" xml:space="preserve">Accedit quod ſi aſtra lumen à Sole acciperent eiuſdem caloris eſſent. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3388" xml:space="preserve">Itaque om
                    <lb/>
                  nia ſiccarent, & nulla eſſent frigidæ conſtitutionis contra Aſtrologos.</s>
                </quote>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3389" xml:space="preserve">Quia hac ratione, Luna, quæ negari non poteſt, quin ab ipſo Sole
                    <reg norm="lumem" type="context">lumẽ</reg>
                  accipiat,
                    <lb/>
                  eiuſdem caloris eſſet cum eodem Sole. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s3390" xml:space="preserve">Sunt ea etiam ridenda, quæ idem ait pag.
                    <lb/>
                  460. lineis .18. 19. 23. 26. 27. 29. quaſi ea lux infinita (vt ita dicam) magni Solis, non </s>
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