Benedetti, Giovanni Battista de, Io. Baptistae Benedicti ... Diversarvm specvlationvm mathematicarum, et physicarum liber : quarum seriem sequens pagina indicabit ; [annotated and critiqued by Guidobaldo Del Monte]

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EPISTOL AE.
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            <div xml:id="echoid-div762" type="section" level="3" n="45">
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                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4925" xml:space="preserve">
                    <pb o="411" rhead="EPISTOL AE." n="423" file="0423" xlink:href="http://echo.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/zogilib?fn=/permanent/library/163127KK/pageimg/0423"/>
                  quartis, iterum multiplicemus per .10. ſortem cum lucro vnius librę quod eſt .4. pro-
                    <lb/>
                  ductum erit .40. differens à primo ſol .2. cum quarta parte, multiplicemus pariter
                    <lb/>
                  per .10. precium .6. ſolidorum proueniens erit .60. à quo deducendo productum ſor-
                    <lb/>
                  tis librarum .10. quod erat ſol .37. cum tribus quartis ſupererunt ſol .22. cum quar-
                    <lb/>
                  ta parte, vt ſupra.</s>
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            <div xml:id="echoid-div766" type="section" level="3" n="46">
              <div xml:id="echoid-div766" type="letter" level="4" n="1">
                <head xml:id="echoid-head574" xml:space="preserve">DE DIGNITATIBVS PLANETARVM.</head>
                <head xml:id="echoid-head575" style="it" xml:space="preserve">Adriano Panetio.</head>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4926" xml:space="preserve">
                    <emph style="sc">QVod</emph>
                  eam diſtinctionem orbium, quæiam inualuit, nonteneas, ſed putes
                    <lb/>
                  totum eſſe quoddam continuum excipiens corpora ſtellarum, nouum
                    <reg norm="non" type="context">nõ</reg>
                    <lb/>
                  eſt, nam nonnulli ſolidæ doctrinæ Philoſophi idem cenſuerunt. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4927" xml:space="preserve">Sed
                    <lb/>
                  quod attinet ad dignitates planetarum in ſignis zodiaci, ſcias huiuſmo-
                    <lb/>
                  di ordinem me compręhendere eſſe deſumptum ab ordine antiquo orbium
                    <reg norm="ipſorum" type="context">ipſorũ</reg>
                    <lb/>
                  planetarum, quiquidem ordo erat, vt ſtatim poſt Lunam ſuccederet Sol, poſt So-
                    <lb/>
                  lem Mercurius, tum Venus deinde Mars, poſtea Iupiter, & tandem Saturnus per
                    <lb/>
                    <reg norm="eoſdemque" type="simple">eoſdemq́;</reg>
                  orbes, retro redibant, atque hoc cognoſcitur conſtituendo Cancrum do
                    <lb/>
                  micilium Lunæ, Leonem, Solis, Virginem, Mercurij, Libram, Veneris, Scorpio-
                    <lb/>
                  nem, Martis, Sagittarium, Iouis, Capricornum, Saturni, Incipientes deinde ab
                    <lb/>
                  Aquario, quiad nos propius accedit
                    <reg norm="eundemque" type="simple">eundemq́;</reg>
                  tribuentes Saturno, Piſces, Ioui,
                    <lb/>
                  Arietem, Marti, Taurum, Veneri, & Gemellos, Mercurio, ſeptem Planetas cum
                    <lb/>
                  duodecim ſignis zodiaci concordes reddebant.</s>
                </p>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4928" xml:space="preserve">Quod deinde Ariſtoteles in libris de ſenſu & ijs quæ ſenſibus percipiuntur, dicit
                    <lb/>
                  pupillam oculi eſſe nigram, non ita ſe habet, nam idem eſt, ac ſi quis diceret
                    <reg norm="nigrum" type="context">nigrũ</reg>
                    <lb/>
                  eſſe illud medium, quod permitteret tranſitum lumini per ſuam diaphaneitatem, nul
                    <lb/>
                  lum lumen à ſeipſo reflectens, & etiam ac ſi quis diceret nigrum eſſe aerem alicuius
                    <lb/>
                  cubiculi vndequaque clauſi tenebroſi.</s>
                </p>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4929" xml:space="preserve">Quod etiam idem Ariſtoteles volens adducere cauſam, cur oculus magis mate-
                    <lb/>
                  riam aquæ, quam aeris participet, dicensidea ratione fieri, quod aqua magis quam
                    <lb/>
                  aer ſeruari poſſit, eodem libro ſcribit, eſt reuera admirandum. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4930" xml:space="preserve">Ibi enim clarè de-
                    <lb/>
                  monſtrat ſe planè ignorare, & conſtructionem oculi, & cauſam diuerſitatis eorum
                    <lb/>
                  humorum tam in ſubſtantia, quam in figura, quæ non aliunde dependet quam quod
                    <lb/>
                  diuerſam refractionem radiorum luminoſorum producat, qui per pupillam ingre-
                    <lb/>
                  diuntur, vt ad proprios
                    <reg norm="ſibique" type="simple">ſibiq́;</reg>
                  deſtinatos locos dirigantur radij, vt à virtute viſiua per
                    <lb/>
                  fectius ſen tiantur.</s>
                </p>
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              <div xml:id="echoid-div767" type="letter" level="4" n="2">
                <head xml:id="echoid-head576" style="it" xml:space="preserve">De ratione Frigiditatis locorum umbroſorum.</head>
                <head xml:id="echoid-head577" xml:space="preserve">AD EVNDEM.</head>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4931" xml:space="preserve">VEra ratio vnde fiat, vt quanto magis ſentitur calor in locis expoſitis Soli, tan-
                    <lb/>
                  to minus ſentiatur in vmbra, vbi Solis radius non reflectitur, eſt quia cum ra
                    <lb/>
                  refactus eſt aer à vehementi calore radij ſolaris, ſeipſum colligit, & condenſatur in
                    <lb/>
                  locis, à quibus à calore, ratione rarefactionis, non expellitur, & quia naturaliter ca-
                    <lb/>
                  lor ſequitur rarum, rarum calorem, & frigidum
                    <reg norm="densum" type="context">densũ</reg>
                  , &
                    <reg norm="densum" type="context">densũ</reg>
                  frigidum, vt vnicui
                    <lb/>
                  que ſanę mentis patet, hanc ob cauſam ſequitur rem ita ſe habere vt diximus. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4932" xml:space="preserve">Poſſu
                    <lb/>
                  mus etiam abſque dubio credere huiuſmodi ratione fieri, vt frigus matutini tempo
                    <lb/>
                  ris, in crepuſculo maius eſſe eo, quod noctu viguit. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4933" xml:space="preserve">Nam materia conſiſtens in co-
                    <lb/>
                  no vmbræ terræ, ſemper denſior eſt ea, quæ extra reperitur, imo noua materia con
                    <lb/>
                  tinuo condenſatur, propter motum vmbrę, quæ ſemper corpori ſolari opponitur. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4934" xml:space="preserve">hęc </s>
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