Benedetti, Giovanni Battista de, Io. Baptistae Benedicti ... Diversarvm specvlationvm mathematicarum, et physicarum liber : quarum seriem sequens pagina indicabit ; [annotated and critiqued by Guidobaldo Del Monte]

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IO. BABPT. BENED.
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            <div xml:id="echoid-div773" type="section" level="3" n="49">
              <div xml:id="echoid-div774" type="letter" level="4" n="2">
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s5004" xml:space="preserve">
                    <pb o="416" rhead="IO. BABPT. BENED." n="428" file="0428" xlink:href="http://echo.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/zogilib?fn=/permanent/library/163127KK/pageimg/0428"/>
                  pareat differentia vitæ à morte; </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s5005" xml:space="preserve">quam in oculo. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s5006" xml:space="preserve">Ariſtoteles ad finem cap .15. lib. pri
                    <lb/>
                  mi poſteriorum ait, clarum eſſe quod ſi aliquis ſenſus deficiat, futurum vt aliqua
                    <lb/>
                  quoque ſcientia deſit. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s5007" xml:space="preserve">Conſidera, quot ſcientijs careret homo, ſi viſu orbaretur.</s>
                </p>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s5008" xml:space="preserve">Et in tertio de anima ait, eum qui non ſentit, nihil intelligere poſſe; </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s5009" xml:space="preserve">id quod in-
                    <lb/>
                  de confirmat, quia nihil ſit in intellectu, quod prius non fuerit in ſenſu. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s5010" xml:space="preserve">Plato in ti
                    <lb/>
                  meo ait, oculos nobis attuliſſe rerum optimarum notitiam, & ſi oculus non fuiſſet ni
                    <lb/>
                  hil eorum, quæ ad cœlum ſpectant inueniri potuiſſe, &
                    <reg norm="cognitionem" type="context">cognitionẽ</reg>
                  diei ac noctis ab
                    <lb/>
                  oculis ortum duxiſſe, vt reuolutiones menſium, & annorum metiri, & tempus co-
                    <lb/>
                  gnoſcere, & inueſtigare ordinem naturæ vniuerſalis poſſemus; </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s5011" xml:space="preserve">quibus
                    <reg norm="philoſophiam" type="context">philoſophiã</reg>
                    <lb/>
                  nobis comparauimus, ut alia multa omittam, quæ ibi à Platone dicuntur. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s5012" xml:space="preserve">Addam
                    <lb/>
                  hic & aliam ſpecialem differentiam inter auditum & viſum, quæ eſt, vt obiectum vi
                    <lb/>
                  ſus ſit permanens, & obiectum auditus tranſitorium ſiue ſucceſſiuum aut, vt alio mo
                    <lb/>
                  do idem dicamus, obiectum viſus particpes ſit æternitatis, illud autem quod eſt au-
                    <lb/>
                  ditus non item, nam auditus tempori ſubiectus eſt, viſus autem minimè. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s5013" xml:space="preserve">Vel ſi di-
                    <lb/>
                  camus operationem auditus abſque tempore fieri non poſſe cum ſit motio, operatio
                    <lb/>
                  verò viſus, nullo indiget tempore, cum ip ſa ſit momentanea, & propterea inſtan-
                    <lb/>
                  tanea. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s5014" xml:space="preserve">Nam momentum non eſt motus, nec inſtans tempus.</s>
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            <div xml:id="echoid-div776" type="section" level="3" n="50">
              <div xml:id="echoid-div776" type="letter" level="4" n="1">
                <head xml:id="echoid-head586" xml:space="preserve">QVARE HYEME VIDEATVR HALITVS
                  <lb/>
                animalium non autem æſtate, & de vento.</head>
                <head xml:id="echoid-head587" style="it" xml:space="preserve">Pancratio Mellano.</head>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s5015" xml:space="preserve">
                    <emph style="sc">VNde</emph>
                  fiat vt hyeme halitum noſtrum videamus, & non æſtate, ratio eſt ab
                    <lb/>
                  eiuſdem halitus congelatione, quæ ab extrinſeco frigore fit. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s5016" xml:space="preserve">Prius enim
                    <lb/>
                  ſcire debes aerem
                    <reg norm="attractum" type="context">attractũ</reg>
                  in pulmone, foras deinde erumpere cum alio
                    <lb/>
                  vapore aliquantulum craſſiore humido, & excrementitio expulſo à natu-
                    <lb/>
                  ra, quæ continuò noſtrum corpus euaporare facit, vnde ſequitur dum aer foras à pul
                    <lb/>
                  mone pellitur, maiorem ſemper materiæ portionem, ea quæ intus attracta eſt exire:
                    <lb/>
                  </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s5017" xml:space="preserve">vnde ſtatim vt dicta materia foras expulſa, frigidum aerem offendit, cum conſtet ex
                    <lb/>
                  partibus craſſis, & obnoxiis congelationi, condenſatur in formam vaporis, ad dif-
                    <lb/>
                  ferentiam aeris ambientis qui in ſe eas partes craſſas non habet, à quibus
                    <reg norm="quidem" type="context">quidẽ</reg>
                  par-
                    <lb/>
                  tibus condenſatis, & redditis opacis reflectitur lumen, atque hanc ob cauſam æſtate
                    <lb/>
                  hoc non fit, quia calor vim condenſandi non habet.</s>
                </p>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s5018" xml:space="preserve">Ventus nihil aliud eſt quam quidam aeris motus, cum condenſatur, ob defectum
                    <lb/>
                  caloris, neque (pace Ariſtotelis dicam) eſt exhalatio ſicca. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s5019" xml:space="preserve">Exemplum à Vitruuio
                    <lb/>
                  allatum nil planè valet, quantum ſpectatad venti naturam, cuius rationem à mere-
                    <lb/>
                  quiris. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s5020" xml:space="preserve">Exemplum etiam ventilabri quo tempore æſtate vtimur negligendum pe-
                    <lb/>
                  nitus non eſt, quia eius beneficio, non ſolum arcemus à nobis aerem ambientem
                    <lb/>
                  calidum, ſed alium etiam aerem circa nos condenſamus: </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s5021" xml:space="preserve">& quia ordo naturæ eſt hu
                    <lb/>
                  iuſmodi quod quemadmodum calor ſequitur raritatem
                    <reg norm="corporum" type="context">corporũ</reg>
                  , ſic etiam frigus
                    <lb/>
                  eorundem denſitatem ſequatur. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s5022" xml:space="preserve">Quod ſi vis vt exemplo illuſtrem, diligenter ob-
                    <lb/>
                  ſeruato tempore æſtatis cum aliqua nubes nobis Solem adimit, vbiaer qui in eius </s>
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