Benedetti, Giovanni Battista de, Io. Baptistae Benedicti ... Diversarvm specvlationvm mathematicarum, et physicarum liber : quarum seriem sequens pagina indicabit ; [annotated and critiqued by Guidobaldo Del Monte]

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EPISTOLAE.
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                    <pb o="403" rhead="EPISTOLAE." n="415" file="0415" xlink:href="http://echo.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/zogilib?fn=/permanent/library/163127KK/pageimg/0415"/>
                  dem affirmare poſſemus, terram non ſolum maiorem eſſe aqua, ſed aqua & præte-
                    <lb/>
                  rea aere, ſi aer non tam altè pertingit, quam multi alij præter Piccolo. ſentiunt, qui
                    <lb/>
                  dicuntinde euenire quod aerea humiditas non tam altè aſcendere poteſt, quoniam
                    <lb/>
                  humiditas ipſa grauitatem ſecum affert, præterquam quod nubium ſitus oſtendit ſu
                    <lb/>
                  pra eas materiam eſſerariorem quam ſint ipſę nubes, infra vero denſiorem. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4777" xml:space="preserve">Corpo-
                    <lb/>
                  ra enim eouſque aſcendunt donec inueniunt conſtitutionem mediam formæ æqua-
                    <lb/>
                  lis (vt ita dicam) ſuis. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4778" xml:space="preserve">Quare materia illa quæ impropriè ignis vocatur (non enim
                    <lb/>
                  eſt ignis) incipit carere humiditate (qua mediante aer definitur) circa quinquage-
                    <lb/>
                  ſimum ſecundum milliarium ſupra ſuperficiem terræ, vt iam ſupradixi à Vitellione
                    <lb/>
                  demonſtratum fuiſſe. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4779" xml:space="preserve">Ariſto. autem affert
                    <reg norm="rationem" type="context">rationẽ</reg>
                  quare nubes altius
                    <reg norm="non" type="context">nõ</reg>
                    <reg norm="tranſcendant" type="context context">tranſcẽdãt</reg>
                  .
                    <lb/>
                  </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4780" xml:space="preserve">Vnde apparet tertiam aeris regionem impropriè aerem appellari, ſi humiditate ca-
                    <lb/>
                  ret, vt ait Ariſt. qua mediante aer definitur, immo potius retinet ignis naturam, vt
                    <lb/>
                  etiam aſſerunt interpretes Ariſtotelis in primum Meteororum. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4781" xml:space="preserve">Qui Ariſto. in locis
                    <lb/>
                  ſupra citatis itidem oſtendit ſe etiam huius modi eſſe opinionis.</s>
                </p>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4782" xml:space="preserve">Quod autem attinet ad probandum quod ſuperficies terrę detecta ſit altior quam
                    <lb/>
                  ſuperficies detecta aquæ, id tam clarum eſt ſua ſponte philoſophis, qui ſciunt quid ſit
                    <lb/>
                  altum, quidue demiſſum, quod ſuperfluum eſſet quidquid ſuper hoc dicerem præ
                    <lb/>
                  terquam, quòd conſtat ex demonſtratione ab Ariſto. ſacta textu 31. li .2. de cœlo, in
                    <lb/>
                  quo agit de corporibus in aqua poſitis, vnde eiuſmodi veritas planiſſimè aperitur.
                    <lb/>
                  </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4783" xml:space="preserve">Omittimus etiam quod præſtantes Moderni omnes, eam pro manifeſtiſſima
                    <reg norm="ponunt" type="context">ponũt</reg>
                  ,
                    <lb/>
                  ſicutiapud omnes ſani iudicij homines reuera exiſtimatur.</s>
                </p>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4784" xml:space="preserve">Hæc enim ſunt quæ in fine illius conſiderationis ſcripſeram.</s>
                </p>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4785" xml:space="preserve">Anno autem præterito editus in lucem fuit tractatus quidam Pulcherrimus, ab Ex
                    <lb/>
                  cellentiſſimo, nec non Doctiſſimo viro Auguſtino Michele, Patritio Veneto, ad cor
                    <lb/>
                  roborandam opinionem antiquorum, vbi tot authoritates,
                    <reg norm="totque" type="simple">totq́;</reg>
                  rationes adducit,
                    <lb/>
                  vt nil amplius dici poſſit. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4786" xml:space="preserve">Atego ſenſum,
                    <reg norm="rationemque" type="simple">rationemq́;</reg>
                  , & non authoritatem
                    <reg norm="aliquam" type="context">aliquã</reg>
                    <lb/>
                  ſequutus ſum: </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4787" xml:space="preserve">cum verò dico ſenſum, de ſenſu illorum intelligo, qui profunditatem
                    <lb/>
                  maris metiti ſunt, vt non mihi ſolum, ſed, & Piccolo. & alijs permultis retulerunt,
                    <lb/>
                  de ratione vero à me adducta, aliorum ſit iudicium.</s>
                </p>
                <quote>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4788" xml:space="preserve">Sediſte mirabilis & Excellentiſſimus vir, verba mea non accepit in eo ſenſu, vt
                    <lb/>
                  ego ſcripſi, ita vt omnino alienas conſequentias ſibi confingat,
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                  pag.
                    <lb/>
                  3. ſui tractatus inquit, me non concedere naturam produxiſſe in magna quantitate,
                    <lb/>
                  atque immenſa, id totum, quod bonum, & neceſſarium eſt. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4789" xml:space="preserve">Hanc enim conſequen
                    <lb/>
                  tiam ipſe colligit ex eo, quod ego pag .19. meæ conſiderationis contra Antonium
                    <lb/>
                  Bergam ſcripſeram, quod videntur multa corpora alijs nobiliora, nihilominus mi-
                    <lb/>
                  nora, eo quod quantitas non ſequitur nobilitatem, neque ab ea pender, ita vt res
                    <lb/>
                  illa quæ nobilior eſt, neceſſarium ſit vt etiam maior exiſtat. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4790" xml:space="preserve">Sed Excellentiſſimus
                    <lb/>
                  iſtæ vir ſcribit ita me dixiſſe.</s>
                </quote>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4791" xml:space="preserve">Multa immo infinita corpora ſunt nobilia, & neceſſaria, nihilominus ſunt paruę
                    <lb/>
                  molis.</s>
                </p>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4792" xml:space="preserve">Vide igitur quantum hoc diſtat ab illo.</s>
                </p>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4793" xml:space="preserve">Præterea cap .12. aliam conſequentiam facit, quam ego non tam amplam facio.
                    <lb/>
                  </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4794" xml:space="preserve">„ Ipſe enim me inferre vult in alijs terrę partibus cauernas non reperiri, eo quod Mon
                    <lb/>
                  „ tes ſint cauernoſi. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4795" xml:space="preserve">Aſpice quæſo. pag .29. meæ conſiderationis, & clarè videbis me
                    <lb/>
                  nullo modo negare illas concauitates ſeu porroſitates terræ extra montana loca,
                    <lb/>
                  circa ſuperficiem terræ, vſque ad æquilibrium, orbiculariter, infimæ profunditatis
                    <lb/>
                  maris.</s>
                </p>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4796" xml:space="preserve">Sed putare inferius has porroſitates reperiri, cum nulla ratio nobis perſuaſibilis </s>
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