Benedetti, Giovanni Battista de, Io. Baptistae Benedicti ... Diversarvm specvlationvm mathematicarum, et physicarum liber : quarum seriem sequens pagina indicabit ; [annotated and critiqued by Guidobaldo Del Monte]

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IO. BAPT. BENED.
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                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4796" xml:space="preserve">
                    <pb o="404" rhead="IO. BAPT. BENED." n="416" file="0416" xlink:href="http://echo.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/zogilib?fn=/permanent/library/163127KK/pageimg/0416"/>
                  adhuc ab aliquo prodita ſit, idoneum nullo pacto eſſet. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4797" xml:space="preserve">Rationes autem ab ipſo Ex
                    <lb/>
                  cellentiſſimo Auguſtino adductas circa huiuſmodi rem, alij dijudicent, de authori-
                    <lb/>
                  tatibus verò, nihil dicam, quia ab illis petendæ ſunt, qui profitentur tales facultates,
                    <lb/>
                  quorum vnius tantummodo authoritas præualere deberet, contra omnes alias
                    <reg norm="eorum" type="context">eorũ</reg>
                    <lb/>
                  qui nunquam attigerunt ſummis labris orificia harum
                    <reg norm="ſcientiarum" type="context">ſcientiarũ</reg>
                  . </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4798" xml:space="preserve">Vt ſi exempli gra-
                    <lb/>
                  tia non ſolum authoritas illorum virorum, quos ipſe recenſuit, ſufficiens eſſet vt pu
                    <lb/>
                  ta Pioccolo. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4799" xml:space="preserve">Naibodæ, Bordini, Clauij,
                    <reg norm="reliquorumque" type="simple">reliquorumq́;</reg>
                  fautorum verę opinionis,
                    <lb/>
                  ſed Franciſci Maurolici tantummodo, qui in primo Dialogo ſuæ coſmographiæ ita
                    <lb/>
                  inquit.</s>
                </p>
                <quote>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4800" xml:space="preserve">Exiſtimo autem totum terræ corpus rigidum eſſe ſaxum, nam ſi arena eſſet, aue
                    <lb/>
                  gleba fragilis, ita humorem imbiberet, vt cum eo quaſi confunderetur; </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4801" xml:space="preserve">huc ac-
                    <lb/>
                  cedit, quod ſi mineræ, ac rupes, quæ ſunt grauiſſimæ partes in ipſa plerunque ſuper-
                    <lb/>
                  ficie comperiuntur, multo magis apud centrum eſſe debent. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4802" xml:space="preserve">Videtur ita ratio exi-
                    <lb/>
                  gere, vt grauiora centro quoque ſint propinquiora.</s>
                </quote>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4803" xml:space="preserve">Hæcigitur ſola authoritas, inſtar reliquarum omnium ſufficere poſſet. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4804" xml:space="preserve">Verum
                    <lb/>
                  de authoritatibus minime curandum eſt, vbi ſenſus,
                    <reg norm="ratioque" type="simple">ratioq́;</reg>
                  vera illis opponuntur.</s>
                </p>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4805" xml:space="preserve">Quod autem numerus animalium aquatilium maior exiſtat numero terreſtrium,
                    <lb/>
                  ſatis reſpondimus pag .41. noſtræ conſiderationis.</s>
                </p>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4806" xml:space="preserve">Sed in cap .14. Excellentiſſimus Auguſtinus ita inquit (vt etiam ſuperius dixerat)
                    <lb/>
                  </s>
                  <quote>
                    <s xml:id="echoid-s4807" xml:space="preserve">quod certiorem cognitionem homo non habet illa, quæ à ſenſu prouenit. </s>
                    <s xml:id="echoid-s4808" xml:space="preserve">Et quod
                      <lb/>
                    nemo eſt qui aſpiciat terram, & aquam, quod hanc maiorem illa non iudicet, &
                      <reg norm="non" type="context">nõ</reg>
                      <lb/>
                    exiſtimet.</s>
                  </quote>
                </p>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4809" xml:space="preserve">Quod autem certiorem cognitionem homo non habeat illa, quæ à ſenſu proue-
                    <lb/>
                  nit, concedendum non cenſeo. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4810" xml:space="preserve">Nam omnis cognitio mathematica (cum primum
                    <lb/>
                  gradum certitudinis obtineat) ab ipſo ſenſu fieret, quod omnino alienum
                    <lb/>
                  eſt à veritate. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4811" xml:space="preserve">Senſus enim nunquam vidit incommenſurabilitates magnitudinum,
                    <lb/>
                  vel incoincidentias linearum non tangentium cum curuitate hyperbolica, aut angu
                    <lb/>
                  lum contingentiæ aliquem, nec (vt vno verbo dicam) aliquam concluſionem ma-
                    <lb/>
                  thematicam, quam volueris. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4812" xml:space="preserve">Neque per ſenſum eſt ſcire, inquit Ariſtoteles. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4813" xml:space="preserve">Co-
                    <lb/>
                  gnitio igitur ſenſitiua, certior non eſt illa, quæ per habitum ſcientiſicum acquiritur.</s>
                </p>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4814" xml:space="preserve">Ad reliqua verò, ſupponamus nos tunc fuiſſe in Arca Noe,
                    <reg norm="cum" type="context">cũ</reg>
                  aquæ cooperiebant
                    <lb/>
                  omnia cacumina montium, vbi nullum terræ veſtigium videbatur, </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4815" xml:space="preserve">quare proculdu
                    <lb/>
                  bio aquam iudicaremus, atque exiſtimaremus maiorem terra,
                    <reg norm="dum" type="context">dũ</reg>
                  nulla aliare vtere-
                    <lb/>
                  mur niſi ſenſu abſque alio diſcurſu intellectuali, ut reliqua illa animalia irrationalia,
                    <lb/>
                  quæ nobiſcum erant in dicta arca. </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4816" xml:space="preserve">
                    <reg norm="Non" type="context">Nõ</reg>
                  ſufficit igitur ſuperficiem aquæ tantummodo
                    <lb/>
                  aſpicere, quia neque tunc temporis, aqua erat maior terra, etiam ſi non ſolum tot
                    <lb/>
                  cubitis attolleretur ſupra cacumina montium, ſed quingenta milliaria, vt ſupradi-
                    <lb/>
                  ximus.</s>
                </p>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4817" xml:space="preserve">Ratio autem illa, ex infinitis, ab ipſo, eo in loco adducta, talis eſt.</s>
                </p>
                <quote>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4818" xml:space="preserve">Aqua eſt eccentrica ad terram, & pro
                    <reg norm="centro" type="context">cẽtro</reg>
                  habet centrum grauitatis terræ, aqua
                    <lb/>
                  igitur maioris eſt amplitudinis ipſa terra.</s>
                </quote>
                <quote>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4819" xml:space="preserve">Hanc etiam conſequentiam alijs relinquo Philoſophis dijudicandam.</s>
                </quote>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4820" xml:space="preserve">Subſequitur poſtea dicens.</s>
                </p>
                <quote>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4821" xml:space="preserve">Præterea proprius locus terræ, eſt ſuperſicies aquæ, igitur terram oportet ab
                    <lb/>
                  aqua tegi.</s>
                </quote>
                <p>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4822" xml:space="preserve">Ad hoc etiam aliquis poſſet quærere, quis nam erit locus illius partis terræ de-
                    <lb/>
                  tectæ ab aqua? </s>
                  <s xml:id="echoid-s4823" xml:space="preserve">nulli dubium erit quin ſuperficies aeris, & non aquæ exiſtet.</s>
                </p>
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