ECHO Content ECHO Technology ECHO Network ECHO Policy
Search Anthropology Archaeology Art and Optics Bibliotheca Polyglotta Buddhism Chinese Sources Copperplates Cuneiform Tablets Folk Religion Greek Science 1600-1821 Historical Maps Historical Travel Guides History of Architecture History of Chemistry History of Cosmology History of Demography History of Mathematics History of Mechanics History of Modern Physics History of Optical Drawing Instruments History of Pre-Modern Physics History of Science History of Ship Construction Intuitive Physics Islamic Sciences Jesuit Sciences Legal History Life Sciences Literature and Popular Science Music History Natural History Opere di Alessandro Volta Philosophy Pratolino Garden Reference Works Scientific Revolution Scientific Voyages Sign Languages Spatial Concepts

Mongolian Scripts

"The Max Planck Society"

1. Ancient Mongolian Soyombo script, which was devised by the first Bogd Zhivzundamba, Ondor Gegeen Zanabazar / The first Mongolian Buddhist Leader / (1635-1723) at Tuxven Monastery in 1686.

2. Mongol Script type, which was used in the preclassical period. The earliest known example of the use of the Uigarzhin-Mongol script is the five-line inscription on a stele known as the "Chingis' stone incription."

3. Classical Mongol script. The type is widely used at the present time.

4. Tod or Clear Script, which was devised in 1648 by Zaya Bandida, also known as Namxaizhamc (1599-1662), a Mongolian Buddhist scholar.

5. Ornamental Mongol Script, which was spread among Mongolians in the book printing culture.

6. Square Script, which was devised in 1269 by Phags-pa lama Lodoizhalcan (1235-1280) by order of Kublai Khaan. This script was used for the official letters of the Mongol Yuan Dynasty.

7. Ornamental Script. This type was widely used in Buddhist texts for decorative purposes.

Calligraphic panel presented to the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science by the research group of the Mongolian Academy of the Sciences visiting on March 18, 2011.
The panel features the "Max Planck Society" written in Mongolian calligraphy used in different historical periods, 2011
Calligrapher: Otgonbaatar Rinchensambuu
Description by Purevjav Dorjjugder and Otgonbaatar Rinchensambuu

Source information
Permanent URI:
   CONTACT   IMPRESSUM   Last Update: June 2015